Download and read online Spaces of Law in American Foreign Relations in PDF and EPUB In the late nineteenth century the United States oversaw a great increase in extraterritorial claims, boundary disputes, extradition controversies, and transborder abduction and interdiction. In this sweeping history of the underpinnings of American empire, Daniel S. Margolies offers a new frame of analysis for historians to understand how novel assertions of legal spatiality and extraterritoriality were deployed in U.S. foreign relations during an era of increased national ambitions and global connectedness. Whether it was in the Mexican borderlands or in other hot spots around the globe, Margolies shows that American policy responded to disputes over jurisdiction by defining the space of law on the basis of a strident unilateralism. Especially significant and contested were extradition regimes and the exceptions carved within them. Extradition of fugitives reflected critical questions of sovereignty and the role of the state in foreign affair during the run-up to overseas empire in 1898. Using extradition as a critical lens, Spaces of Law in American Foreign Relations examines the rich embeddedness of questions of sovereignty, territoriality, legal spatiality, and citizenship and shows that U.S. hegemonic power was constructed in significant part in the spaces of law, not simply through war or trade.
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Download and read online Border Contraband in PDF and EPUB Present-day smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border is a professional, often violent, criminal activity. However, it is only the latest chapter in a history of illicit business dealings that stretches back to 1848, when attempts by Mexico and the United States to tax commerce across the Rio Grande upset local trade and caused popular resentment. Rather than acquiesce to what they regarded as arbitrary trade regulations, borderlanders continued to cross goods and accepted many forms of smuggling as just. In Border Contraband, George T. Díaz provides the first history of the common, yet little studied, practice of smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. In Part I, he examines the period between 1848 and 1910, when the United States' and Mexico's trade concerns focused on tariff collection and on borderlanders' attempts to avoid paying tariffs by smuggling. Part II begins with the onset of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, when national customs and other security forces on the border shifted their emphasis to the interdiction of prohibited items (particularly guns and drugs) that threatened the state. Díaz's pioneering research explains how greater restrictions have transformed smuggling from a low-level mundane activity, widely accepted and still routinely practiced, into a highly profitable professional criminal enterprise.
Download and read online Bowker s Law Books and Serials in Print in PDF and EPUB "This is a skillful & impressive publication: well thought out, carefully edited & immaculately produced."--REFERENCE REVIEWS. "An indispensable law library aid to both the reference law librarian & the acquisitions librarian."--MARTHA KEISTER, ASSISTANT LAW LIBRARIAN, & HEAD OF PUBLIC SERVICES, PACE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW. "A well-planned, modern reference tool that will be valuable in all types of law libraries."--TEXAS BAR JOURNAL. With over 60,000 titles intended exclusively for legal professionals, this unmatched bibliography lists virtually every available legal resource - books & serials, microfiche, videos & audiocassettes, software & online databases. Focusing on core legal titles selected & classified under the supervison of a staff of legal experts, LAW BOOK & SERIALS IN PRINT 1994 includes descriptive annotations which provide expert guidance on selecting the right sources for every research need. And it now keeps you current with a cumulative supplement at no extra cost!
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Download and read online The Legal Significance of the Declarations of the General Assembly of the United Nations in PDF and EPUB Mr. Asamoah's book is concerned with an area of growing importance in the evolution of contemporary international law. The traditional division of the sources of International law into custom and treaties has already been supplemented in Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice by the "general principles of law re cognized by civilized nations" and-as subsidiary sources, the judicial decisions and the teachings of highly qualified publicists. But in order to cope with the diversity of international law in our time, we have to look to a far greater variety of sources of international law, and we shall have to recognize that, in accordance with the many-sided character of international law, these sources may vary greatly in intensity. In recent years, Declaratory Resolutions of the General Assembly have been much concerned with the general princi ples of international law. Sometimes these Declarations are interpre tations of the Charter and other instruments; sometimes they are evi dence of state practice and a developing customary international law ; sometimes they formulate new principles which, in some cases will eventually lead to international treaties or new custom, or in other cases will be accepted as authorative statements of international legal principles, in circumstances where a formal treaty cannot be attained. There are many reasons--often of an internal character-which prevent the conclusion of a treaty but not the acceptance of the principles contained in it.
Download and read online The Future of International Law and American Foreign Policy in PDF and EPUB This in-depth analysis, based on the implicit connection between the basic principles of international law and the effective practice of international relations by a constitutional democracy with a commitment to the rule of law, takes into account the diversity of viewpoints held by the different states and peoples of the world community to provide a global perspective. Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
Download and read online U S Soviet cooperation in space in PDF and EPUB Space holds a fascination for all of us. For many, it represents a final physical frontier, a place to explore the very essence of knowledge, to experiment with new technology, and to seek new levels of human adaptation and change. As the major spacefaring nation on our planet, the United States has taken special pride in our achievements in space. Discoveries in space science have already added immensely to our fund of knowledge. U.S. scientists have moved quickly to take advantage of new opportunities for learning, and the future of scientific work in space is virtually unlimited. Given the promise of space, an additional issue comes to the fore. How can the United States proceed in space in relation to the other principal spacefaring nation and superpower, the Soviet Union? What is to be gained or lost by working together in space? With regard to science in particular, can the two countries benefit from joint efforts? Can the two countries cooperate as well as compete? Since the beginning of the space age, the two countries have been examining these questions. This study was requested by Senators Matsunaga, Mathias, and Pell as a means to shed light on the subject at the time of the 10th anniversary of the major U.S.- Soviet cooperative endeavor, the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. OTA is pleased to be able to provide this technical memorandum, outlining the principal issues of the debate, the history of cooperation, and the experience of France, another country involved in space cooperation with the U.S.S.R. Additional OTA documents that may be of interest include Civilian Space Stations and the U.S. Future in Space, Salyut: Soviet Steps Toward Human Presence in Space, and International Cooperation and Competition in Civilian Space Activities. OTA studies in the areas of technology transfer are cited in the text.
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Download and read online The American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies for 1994 in PDF and EPUB This bibliography is the only source for citations to North American scholarship on Eastern and Central Europe, the Balkans, the Baltic States, and the former Soviet Union.
Download and read online Perspectives on International Law in PDF and EPUB In the spirit of the 50th anniversary of the United Nations and the United Nations Decade of International Law, the contributors to "Perspectives on International Law" honour with this legal treatise a devoted friend of the United Nations and international law, Judge Manfred Lachs - a noted judge, diplomat, humanist and, above all, teacher. The work includes a variety of perspectives on international law relating to what were Judge Lachs' four main areas of interest: the theory and practice of international law, the United Nations, the World Court, and space law. The book meets the need for a reference work covering selected subject areas and providing different perspectives on some of the key issues of current concern. Many eminent experts in various fields related to international law, including Judges of the International Court of Justice, diplomats, and professors of law - most of whom knew Judge Lachs personally - have contributed. Each chapter has been prepared specifically for the book. The contributors represent all political, legal and cultural regions of the world and provide a range of backgrounds and viewpoints, offering a variety of new ideas for strengthening international law, based on their assessment of the lessons of the past.
Download and read online Asia s Space Race in PDF and EPUB In contrast to the close cooperation among European states, Asian space activity is characterized by increasing rivalry. If current trends continue, this civilian space competition could become a military race. To better understand the emerging dynamics, James Clay Moltz conducts the first in-depth policy analysis of Asia's fourteen leading space programs, with a special focus on developments in China, Japan, India, and South Korea. Moltz isolates the domestic motivations driving Asia's space actors, revisiting critical events such as China's 2007 antisatellite weapons test and its three manned flights, Japan's successful Kaguya lunar mission and Kibo module for the International Space Station (ISS), India's completion of its Chandaryaan-1 lunar mission, and South Korea's astronaut visit to the ISS and plans to establish independent space-launch capability. He unpacks these nations' divergent space goals and their tendency to focus on national solutions and self-reliance rather than regionwide cooperation and multilateral initiatives. Moltz concludes with recommendations for improved intra-Asian space cooperation and for regional conflict prevention, making this a key text for international relations scholars. He reviews America's efforts to engage Asia's space programs in joint activities and prospects for future U.S. space leadership, and discusses the relationship between space programs and economic development in Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, North Korea, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam.
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Download and read online Keep Hope Alive in PDF and EPUB A collection of major speeches, issues papers, photographs, and campaign analysis from Jesse Jackson's 1988 Presidential campaign.