Laser Doppler and Phase Doppler Measurement Techniques

Filename: laser-doppler-and-phase-doppler-measurement-techniques.pdf
ISBN: 9783662051658
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Number of pages: 738
Author: H.-E. Albrecht
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Laser Doppler and Phase Doppler Measurement Techniques in PDF and EPUB Providing the first comprehensive treatment, this book covers all aspects of the laser Doppler and phase Doppler measurement techniques, including light scattering from small particles, fundamental optics, system design, signal and data processing, tracer particle generation, and applications in single and two-phase flows. The book is intended as both a reference book for more experienced users as well as an instructional book for students. It provides ample material as a basis for a lecture course on the subject and represents one of the most comprehensive treatments of the phase Doppler technique to date. The book will serve as a valuable reference book in any fluid mechanics laboratory where the laser Doppler or phase Doppler techniques are used. This work reflects the authors' long practical experience in the development of the techniques and equipment, as the many examples confirm.

Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Filename: springer-handbook-of-experimental-fluid-mechanics.pdf
ISBN: 9783540251415
Release Date: 2007
Number of pages: 1557
Author: Cameron Tropea
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics in PDF and EPUB This key text is a major reference work – a totally authoritative handbook on a major current topic. It consolidates state-of-the-art information from the large number of disciplines used in Experimental Fluid Mechanics into a readable desk reference book. It comprises four parts: Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, Measurement of Primary Quantities, Specific Experimental Approaches, and Analyses and Post-Processing of Data. The book has been prepared for physicists and engineers in research and development in universities, in industry and in other research institutions. Both experimental methodology and techniques are covered fundamentally and for a wide range of application fields. A generous use of citations directs the reader to additional material on each subject.

LDA Application Methods

Filename: lda-application-methods.pdf
ISBN: 3642135145
Release Date: 2010-08-12
Number of pages: 272
Author: Zhang Zhengji
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online LDA Application Methods in PDF and EPUB This technical book considers the application side of LDA techniques. Starting from the basic theories that are crucial for each LDA user, the main subject of the book is focused on diverse application methods. In details, it deals with universal methodical techniques that have been mostly developed in the last 15 years. The book thus gives for the first time an application reference for LDA users in improving the optical conditions and enhancing the measurement accuracies. It also provides the guidelines for simplifying the measurements and correcting measurement errors as well as for clarifying the application limits and extending the application areas of LDA techniques. Beside the treatments of some traditional optical and flow mechanical features influencing the measurement accuracies, the book shows a broad spectrum of LDA application methods in the manner of measuring the flow turbulence, resolving the secondary flow structures, and quantifying the optical aberrations at measurements of internal flows etc.. Thus, it also supports the further developments of both the hard- and software of LDA instrumentations.

Dynamics of Droplets

Filename: dynamics-of-droplets.pdf
ISBN: 9783662040409
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Number of pages: 292
Author: Arnold Frohn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Dynamics of Droplets in PDF and EPUB The book deals with the dynamical behaviour of single droplets and regular droplet systems. It has been written mainly for experimental researchers. After a short description of the theoretical background, the different experimental facilities and methods necessary for the investigation of single droplets are described in detail. A summary of important applications is included.

Experimental Aerodynamics

Filename: experimental-aerodynamics.pdf
ISBN: 9781498704021
Release Date: 2017-03-16
Number of pages: 468
Author: Stefano Discetti
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Experimental Aerodynamics in PDF and EPUB Experimental Aerodynamics provides an up to date study of this key area of aeronautical engineering. The field has undergone significant evolution with the development of 3D techniques, data processing methods, and the conjugation of simultaneous measurements of multiple quantities. Written for undergraduate and graduate students in Aerospace Engineering, the text features chapters by leading experts, with a consistent structure, level, and pedagogical approach. Fundamentals of measurements and recent research developments are introduced, supported by numerous examples, illustrations, and problems. The text will also be of interest to those studying mechanical systems, such as wind turbines.

Laser Metrology in Fluid Mechanics

Filename: laser-metrology-in-fluid-mechanics.pdf
ISBN: 9781118576953
Release Date: 2013-02-20
Number of pages: 368
Author: Alain Boutier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Laser Metrology in Fluid Mechanics in PDF and EPUB In fluid mechanics, non-intrusive measurements are fundamental in order to improve knowledge of the behavior and main physical phenomena of flows in order to further validate codes. The principles and characteristics of the different techniques available in laser metrology are described in detail in this book. Velocity, temperature and concentration measurements by spectroscopic techniques based on light scattered by molecules are achieved by different techniques: laser-induced fluorescence, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering using lasers and parametric sources, and absorption spectroscopy by tunable laser diodes, which are generally better suited for high velocity flows. The size determination of particles by optical means, a technique mainly applied in two-phase flows, is the subject of another chapter, along with a description of the principles of light scattering. For each technique the basic principles are given, as well as optical devices and data processing. A final chapter reminds the reader of the main safety precautions to be taken when using powerful lasers.

Multiphase Flows with Droplets and Particles Second Edition

Filename: multiphase-flows-with-droplets-and-particles-second-edition.pdf
ISBN: 9781439840511
Release Date: 2011-08-26
Number of pages: 509
Author: Clayton T. Crowe
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Multiphase Flows with Droplets and Particles Second Edition in PDF and EPUB Since the publication of the first edition of Multiphase Flow with Droplets and Particles, there have been significant advances in science and engineering applications of multiphase fluid flow. Maintaining the pedagogical approach that made the first edition so popular, this second edition provides a background in this important area of fluid mechanics to those new to the field and a resource to those actively involved in the design and development of multiphase systems. See what’s new in the Second Edition: Chapter on the latest developments in carrier-phase turbulence Extended chapter on numerical modeling that includes new formulations for turbulence and Reynolds stress models Review of the fundamental equations and the validity of the traditional "two-fluid" approach Expanded exercises and a solutions manual A quick look at the table of contents supplies a snapshot of the breadth and depth of coverage found in this completely revised and updated text. Suitable for a first-year graduate (5th year) course as well as a reference for engineers and scientists, the book is clearly written and provides an essential presentation of key topics in the study of gas-particle and gas-droplet flows.

Measurement in Fluid Mechanics

Filename: measurement-in-fluid-mechanics.pdf
ISBN: 0521815185
Release Date: 2005-10-24
Number of pages: 354
Author: Stavros Tavoularis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Measurement in Fluid Mechanics in PDF and EPUB Measurement in Fluid Mechanics is an introductory, up-to-date, general reference in experimental fluid mechanics, describing both classical and state-of-the-art methods for flow visualization and for measuring flow rate, pressure, velocity, temperature, concentration, and wall shear stress. Particularly suitable as a textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses. Measurement in Fluid Mechanics is also a valuable tool for practicing engineers and applied scientists. This book is written by a single author, in a consistent and straightforward style, with plenty of clear illustrations, an extensive bibliography, and over 100 suggested exercises. Measurement in Fluid Mechanics also features extensive background materials in system response, measurement uncertainty, signal analysis, optics, fluid mechanical apparatus, and laboratory practices, which shield the reader from having to consult with a large number of primary references. Whether for instructional or reference purposes, this book is a valuable tool for the study of fluid mechanics. Stavros Tavoularis has received a Dipl. Eng. from the National Technical University of Athens, Greece, an M.Sc. from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and a Ph.D. from The Johns Hopkins University. He has been a professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Ottawa since 1980, where he has served terms as the Department Chair and Director of the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. His research interests include turbulence structure, turbulent diffusion, vortical flows, aerodynamics, biofluid dynamics, nuclear reactor thermal hydraulics and the development of experimental methods. Professor Tavoularis is a Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada, a Fellow of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering and a recipient of the George S. Glinski Award for Excellence in Research. Contents: Part I. General concepts: 1. Flow properties and basic principles; 2. Measuring systems; 3. Measurement uncertainty; 4. Signal conditioning, discretization, and analysis; 5. Background for optical experimentation; 6. Fluid mechanical apparatus; 7. Towards a sound experiment; Part II. Measurement techniques: 8. Measurement of flow pressure; 9. Measurement of flow rate; 10. Flow visualization techniques; 11. Measurement of local flow velocity; 12. Measurement of temperature; 13. Measurement of composition; 14. Measurement of wall shear stress; 15. Outlook.

Subsea Optics and Imaging

Filename: subsea-optics-and-imaging.pdf
ISBN: 9780857093523
Release Date: 2013-10-31
Number of pages: 596
Author: John Watson
Publisher: Elsevier

Download and read online Subsea Optics and Imaging in PDF and EPUB The use of optical methodology, instrumentation and photonics devices for imaging, vision and optical sensing is of increasing importance in understanding our marine environment. Subsea optics can make an important contribution to the protection and sustainable management of ocean resources and contribute to monitoring the response of marine systems to climate change. This important book provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications. The book is divided into three parts. The first part provides a general introduction to the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis. Part two reviews the use of subsea optics in environmental analysis. An introduction to the concepts of underwater light fields is followed by an overview of coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) and an assessment of nutrients in the water column. This section concludes with discussions of the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact and finally an outline of optical techniques for studying suspended sediments, turbulence and mixing in the marine environment. Part three reviews subsea optical systems technologies. A general overview of imaging and visualisation using conventional photography and video leads onto advanced techniques like digital holography, laser line-scanning and range-gated imaging as well as their use in controlled observation platforms or global observation networks. This section also outlines techniques like Raman spectroscopy, hyperspectral sensing and imaging, laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) and particle image velocimetry (PIV), optical fibre sensing and LIDAR systems. Finally, a chapter on fluorescence methodologies brings the volume to a close. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Subsea optics and imaging is a standard reference for those researching, developing and using subsea optical technologies as well as environmental scientists and agencies concerned with monitoring the marine environment. Provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications Outlines the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis Reviews the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact


Filename: chaos.pdf
ISBN: 9789814277662
Release Date: 2010
Number of pages: 480
Author: Angelo Vulpiani
Publisher: World Scientific

Download and read online Chaos in PDF and EPUB Chaos: from simple models to complex systems aims to guide science and engineering students through chaos and nonlinear dynamics from classical examples to the most recent fields of research. The first part, intended for undergraduate and graduate students, is a gentle and self-contained introduction to the concepts and main tools for the characterization of deterministic chaotic systems, with emphasis to statistical approaches. The second part can be used as a reference by researchers as it focuses on more advanced topics including the characterization of chaos with tools of information theory and applications encompassing fluid and celestial mechanics, chemistry and biology. The book is novel in devoting attention to a few topics often overlooked in introductory textbooks and which are usually found only in advanced surveys such as: information and algorithmic complexity theory applied to chaos and generalization of Lyapunov exponents to account for spatiotemporal and non-infinitesimal perturbations. The selection of topics, numerous illustrations, exercises and proposals for computer experiments make the book ideal for both introductory and advanced courses. Sample Chapter(s). Introduction (164 KB). Chapter 1: First Encounter with Chaos (1,323 KB). Contents: First Encounter with Chaos; The Language of Dynamical Systems; Examples of Chaotic Behaviors; Probabilistic Approach to Chaos; Characterization of Chaotic Dynamical Systems; From Order to Chaos in Dissipative Systems; Chaos in Hamiltonian Systems; Chaos and Information Theory; Coarse-Grained Information and Large Scale Predictability; Chaos in Numerical and Laboratory Experiments; Chaos in Low Dimensional Systems; Spatiotemporal Chaos; Turbulence as a Dynamical System Problem; Chaos and Statistical Mechanics: Fermi-Pasta-Ulam a Case Study. Readership: Students and researchers in science (physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology) and engineering.

Autonomous and Intelligent Systems

Filename: autonomous-and-intelligent-systems.pdf
ISBN: 9783642215384
Release Date: 2011-06-28
Number of pages: 418
Author: Mohamed Kamel
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Autonomous and Intelligent Systems in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, AIS 2011, held in Burnaby, BC, Canada, in June 2011, colocated with the International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition, IACIAR 2011. The 40 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on autonomous and intelligent systems, intelligent and advanced control systems, intelligent sensing and data analysis, human-machine interaction, and intelligent circuit analysis and signal processing.

Colour in Art Design Nature

Filename: colour-in-art-design-nature.pdf
ISBN: 9781845645687
Release Date: 2011-01-01
Number of pages: 145
Author: C. A. Brebbia
Publisher: WIT Press

Download and read online Colour in Art Design Nature in PDF and EPUB This book is ambitiously inter-disciplinary and may be divided into four main sections, defined in terms of the authors themselves. Firstly, there are two contributions by biologists. Secondly, the largest section is by practising artists. Thirdly, there are two engineering-based contributions. Finally, two contributions address some of the historical proponents of colour theory and art. These eleven works, in full colour, form a striking contribution to the commonwealth of colour studies and to a possible unification of Snow's two cultures.Colour and inter-disciplinarity go hand in hand. This so often involves the authors leaving the comfort zone of their original speciality and striving for excellence in another. The personal story of Franziska Schenk is but one good example.It seems that our perceptions of aesthetics and beauty must be very flexible indeed as to find absolute opposites equally fascinating. If so, it goes to show how wonderful are the construction and operation of the human brain. Does psychology win in the end? Does colour lead to a single culture?

Lecture series

Filename: lecture-series.pdf
ISBN: UOM:39015048123494
Release Date: 1999
Number of pages:

Download and read online Lecture series in PDF and EPUB

Experimental Methods in Hydraulic Research

Filename: experimental-methods-in-hydraulic-research.pdf
ISBN: 3642174752
Release Date: 2011-05-03
Number of pages: 322
Author: Paweł M. Rowiński
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Experimental Methods in Hydraulic Research in PDF and EPUB It is clear that hydraulic research is developing beyond traditional civil engineering to satisfy increasing demands in natural hazards assessment and also environmental research. Our ability to describe processes in nature rests on the observation and experimental methods as well as on theoretical basics of various disciplines. Under such conditions experimental methods draw from various areas of human activities and research, i.e. from physics, biology, chemistry, aerospace research, oceanic research etc. The current volume is the result of a meeting that took place during the 30th International School of Hydraulics in Poland and presents both the state-of-the-art and ongoing research projects in which experimental methods play a key role. Authors from numerous leading laboratories and from various countries guarantee a representative sample of different studies at the frontier of the field