Download and read online Helium Ion Microscopy in PDF and EPUB This book covers the fundamentals of Helium Ion Microscopy (HIM) including the Gas Field Ion Source (GFIS), column and contrast formation. It also provides first hand information on nanofabrication and high resolution imaging. Relevant theoretical models and the existing simulation approaches are discussed in an extra section. The structure of the book allows the novice to get acquainted with the specifics of the technique needed to understand the more applied chapters in the second half of the volume. The expert reader will find a complete reference of the technique covering all important applications in several chapters written by the leading experts in the field. This includes imaging of biological samples, resist and precursor based nanofabrication, applications in semiconductor industry, using Helium as well as Neon and many more. The fundamental part allows the regular HIM user to deepen his understanding of the method. A final chapter by Bill Ward, one of the pioneers of HIM, covering the historical developments leading to the existing tool complements the content.
Download and read online The Nanoscience and Technology of Renewable Biomaterials in PDF and EPUB The unique nanoscale properties of renewable biomaterials present valuable opportunities in the field of nanoscience and technology. Lignocellulosic biomass is an important industrial resource which can be used for the production of highly efficient and environmentally sustainable nanomaterials. The Nanoscience and Technology of Renewable Biomaterials presents the latest advances in biomass nanotechnology, including leading research from academia and industry, as well as a future vision for the nanotechnology of forest products. Topics covered include: A fundamental review of the relationship between nanotechnology and lignocellulosic biomass Characterization methods for biomass on the nanometer scale Cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin as nanoscopic biomaterials-physical features, chemical properties and potential nanoproducts Nanoscale surface engineering Renewable materials as scaffolds for tissue engineering Nanoscopically-controlled drug delivery This book will be a valuable resource for chemists, chemical engineers, bioscience researchers and materials scientists who are interested in harnessing the nanotechnological features of renewable biomaterials.
Download and read online Nanotubes and Nanosheets in PDF and EPUB Reveals Innovative Research on BN Nanotubes and Nanosheets Nanotubes and Nanosheets: Functionalization and Applications of Boron Nitride and Other Nanomaterials is the first book devoted to nanotubes and nanosheets made of boron nitride (BN). It shows how the properties of BN nanotubes and nanosheets have led to many exciting applications where carbon (C) materials cannot be used, including high-temperature metal-ceramic-based composites, substrates for graphene and other semiconducting layers in electronic devices, reusable absorbents for oil and other contaminants, dry solid lubricants, and biomedical applications. Researchers working on various aspects of BN nanomaterials share their knowledge and current work on the applications of BN nanotubes and nanosheets. They describe numerous applications, including BN nanotube-reinforced metal-ceramic-based composites, field emission, desalination, cleanup of oil spillages, biosensing and bioimaging, drug delivery, biomedical applications, and energy storage using BCN and TiO2 nanorods and nanosheets as electrode materials. The book also covers C and other nanotubes and nanosheets to give readers a broad view of the latest nanomaterials research.
Download and read online Helium Ion Microscopy in PDF and EPUB Helium Ion Microscopy: Principles and Applications describes the theory and discusses the practical details of why scanning microscopes using beams of light ions – such as the Helium Ion Microscope (HIM) – are destined to become the imaging tools of choice for the 21st century. Topics covered include the principles, operation, and performance of the Gaseous Field Ion Source (GFIS), and a comparison of the optics of ion and electron beam microscopes including their operating conditions, resolution, and signal-to-noise performance. The physical principles of Ion-Induced Secondary Electron (iSE) generation by ions are discussed, and an extensive database of iSE yields for many elements and compounds as a function of incident ion species and its energy is included. Beam damage and charging are frequently outcomes of ion beam irradiation, and techniques to minimize such problems are presented. In addition to imaging, ions beams can be used for the controlled deposition, or removal, of selected materials with nanometer precision. The techniques and conditions required for nanofabrication are discussed and demonstrated. Finally, the problem of performing chemical microanalysis with ion beams is considered. Low energy ions cannot generate X-ray emissions, so alternative techniques such as Rutherford Backscatter Imaging (RBI) or Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) are examined.
Download and read online Surface Science Techniques in PDF and EPUB The book describes the experimental techniques employed to study surfaces and interfaces. The emphasis is on the experimental method. Therefore all chapters start with an introduction of the scientific problem, the theory necessary to understand how the technique works and how to understand the results. Descriptions of real experimental setups, experimental results at different systems are given to show both the strength and the limits of the technique. In a final part the new developments and possible extensions of the techniques are presented. The included techniques provide microscopic as well as macroscopic information. They cover most of the techniques used in surface science.
Download and read online Nanoscience and Nanoengineering in PDF and EPUB Reflecting the breadth of the field from research to manufacturing, Nanoscience and Nanoengineering: Advances and Applications delivers an in-depth survey of emerging, high-impact nanotechnologies. Written by a multidisciplinary team of scientists and engineers and edited by prestigious faculty of the Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, this book focuses on important breakthroughs in nanoelectronics, nanobiology, nanomedicine, nanomodeling, nanolithography, nanofabrication, and nanosafety. This authoritative text: Addresses concerns regarding the use of nanomaterials Discusses the advantages of nanocomposites versus conventional materials Explores self-assembly and its potential for nanomanufacturing applications Covers compound semiconductors and their applications in communications Considers display technology and infrared optics in relation to nanoelectronics Explains how computational nanotechnology is critical to the design of process materials and nanobiotechnologies Describes the design and fabrication of nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and their applications in nanomedicine By seamlessly integrating interdisciplinary foundational science with state-of-the-art engineering tools, Nanoscience and Nanoengineering: Advances and Applications offers a holistic approach to understanding the mechanisms underpinning the nanotechnology-based products we enjoy today, as well as those that will change our society in the near future.
Download and read online Swift Ion Beam Analysis in Nanosciences in PDF and EPUB Swift ion beam analysis (IBA) of materials and their surfaces has been widely applied to many fields over the last half century, constantly evolving to meet new requirements and to take advantage of developments in particle detection and data treatment. Today, emerging fields in nanosciences introduce extreme demands to analysis methods at the nanoscale. This book addresses how analysis with swift ion beams is rising to meet such needs. Aimed at early stage researchers and established researchers wishing to understand how IBA can contribute to their analytical requirements in nanosciences, the basics of the interactions of charged particles with matter, as well as the operation of the relevant equipment, are first presented. Many recent examples from nanoscience research are then explored in which the specific analytical capabilities of IBA are emphasized, together with the place of IBA alongside the wealth of other analytical methods.
Download and read online Handbook of Charged Particle Optics Second Edition in PDF and EPUB With the growing proliferation of nanotechnologies, powerful imaging technologies are being developed to operate at the sub-nanometer scale. The newest edition of a bestseller, the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics, Second Edition provides essential background information for the design and operation of high resolution focused probe instruments. The book’s unique approach covers both the theoretical and practical knowledge of high resolution probe forming instruments. The second edition features new chapters on aberration correction and applications of gas phase field ionization sources. With the inclusion of additional references to past and present work in the field, this second edition offers perfectly calibrated coverage of the field’s cutting-edge technologies with added insight into how they work. Written by the leading research scientists, the second edition of the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics is a complete guide to understanding, designing, and using high resolution probe instrumentation.
Download and read online Nanocharacterisation in PDF and EPUB Nanocharacterisation provides an overview of the main characterisation techniques that are currently used to study nanostructured materials. Following on from the success of the first edition, this new edition has been fully revised and updated to reflect the recent developments in instrumental characterisation methods. With contributions from internationally recognised experts, each chapter focuses on a different technique to characterise nanomaterials providing experimental procedures and applications. State of the art characterisation methods covered include Transmission Electron Microscopy, Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy, Scanning Probe Microscopy, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy and Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis, 3D Characterisation, Scanning Electron and Ion Microscopy and In situ Microscopy. Essentially a handbook to all working in the field this indispensable resource will appeal to academics, professionals and anyone working fields related to the research and development of nanocharacterisation and nanotechnology.
Download and read online Nanofabrication in PDF and EPUB Intended to update scientists and engineers on the current state of the art in a variety of key techniques used extensively in the fabrication of structures at the nanoscale. The present work covers the essential technologies for creating sub 25 nm features lithographically, depositing layers with nanometer control, and etching patterns and structures at the nanoscale. A distinguishing feature of this book is a focus not on extension of microelectronics fabrication, but rather on techniques applicable for building NEMS, biosensors, nanomaterials, photonic crystals, and other novel devices and structures that will revolutionize society in the coming years.
Download and read online Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams in PDF and EPUB Nanofabrication Using Focused Ion and Electron Beams presents fundamentals of the interaction of focused ion and electron beams (FIB/FEB) with surfaces, as well as numerous applications of these techniques for nanofabrication involving different materials and devices. The book begins by describing the historical evolution of FIB and FEB systems, applied first for micro- and more recently for nanofabrication and prototyping, practical solutions available in the market for different applications, and current trends in development of tools and their integration in a fast growing field of nanofabrication and nanocharacterization. Limitations of the FIB/FEB techniques, especially important when nanoscale resolution is considered, as well as possible ways to overcome the experimental difficulties in creating new nanodevices and improving resolution of processing, are outlined. Chapters include tutorials describing fundamental aspects of the interaction of beams (FIB/FEB) with surfaces, nanostructures and adsorbed molecules; electron and ion beam chemistries; basic theory, design and configuration of equipment; simulations of processes; basic solutions for nanoprototyping. Emerging technologies as processing by cluster beams are also discussed. In addition, the book considers numerous applications of these techniques (milling, etching, deposition) for nanolithography, nanofabrication and characterization, involving different nanostructured materials and devices. Its main focus is on practical details of using focused ion and electron beams with gas assistance (deposition and etching) and without gas assistance (milling/cutting) for fabrication of devices from the fields of nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, nanomagnetics, functionalized scanning probe tips, nanosensors and other types of NEMS (nanoelectromechanical systems). Special attention is given to strategies designed to overcome limitations of the techniques (e.g., due to damaging produced by energetic ions interacting with matter), particularly those involving multi-step processes and multi-layer materials. Through its thorough demonstration of fundamental concepts and its presentation of a wide range of technologies developed for specific applications, this volume is ideal for researches from many different disciplines, as well as engineers and professors in nanotechnology and nanoscience.
Download and read online Ion Beams in Nanoscience and Technology in PDF and EPUB Energetic ion beam irradiation is the basis of a wide plethora of powerful research- and fabrication-techniques for materials characterisation and processing on a nanometre scale. Materials with tailored optical, magnetic and electrical properties can be fabricated by synthesis of nanocrystals by ion implantation, focused ion beams can be used to machine away and deposit material on a scale of nanometres and the scattering of energetic ions is a unique and quantitative tool for process development in high speed electronics and 3-D nanostructures with extreme aspect radios for tissue engineering and nano-fluidics lab-on-a-chip may be machined using proton beams. This book will benefit practitioners, researchers and graduate students working in the field of ion beams and application and more generally everyone concerned with the broad field of nanoscience and technology.
Download and read online Nanofabrication Handbook in PDF and EPUB While many books are dedicated to individual aspects of nanofabrication, there is no single source that defines and explains the total vision of the field. Filling this gap, Nanofabrication Handbook presents a unique collection of new and the most important established approaches to nanofabrication. Contributors from leading research facilities and academic institutions around the world define subfields, offer practical instructions and examples, and pave the way for future research. Helping readers to select the proper fabricating technique for their experiments, the book provides a broad vision of the most critical problems and explains how to solve them. It includes basic definitions and introduces the main underlying concepts of nanofabrication. The book also discusses the major advantages and disadvantages of each approach and offers a wide variety of examples of cutting-edge applications. Each chapter focuses on a particular method or aspect of study. For every method, the contributors describe the underlying theoretical basis, resolution, patterns and substrates used, and applications. They show how applications at the nanoscale require a different process and understanding than those at the microscale. For each experiment, they elucidate key solutions to problems relating to materials, methods, and surface considerations. A complete resource for this rapidly emerging interdisciplinary field, this handbook provides practical information for planning the experiments of any project that employs nanofabrication techniques. It gives readers a foundation to enter the complex world of nanofabrication and inspires the scientific community at large to push the limits of nanometer resolution.
Download and read online Nanotechnology in PDF and EPUB The only reference book which discusses the usage of nanoprobes for structure determination, in an industry where miniaturisation is the main focus. Designed for newcomers as well as professionals already in the industry.
Download and read online Atom Probe Tomography in PDF and EPUB Nanocharacterization by Atom Probe Tomography is a practical guide for researchers interested atomic level characterization of materials with atom probe tomography. Readers will find descriptions of the atom probe instrument and atom probe tomography technique, field ionization, field evaporation and field ion microscopy. The fundamental underlying physics principles are examined, in addition to data reconstruction and visualization, statistical data analysis methods and specimen preparation by electropolishing and FIB-based techniques. A full description of the local electrode atom probe – a new state-of-the-art instrument – is also provided, along with detailed descriptions and limitations of laser pulsing as a method to field evaporate atoms. Valuable coverage of the new ionization theory is also included, which underpins the overall technique.