German Banking Law and Practice in International Perspective

Filename: german-banking-law-and-practice-in-international-perspective.pdf
ISBN: 9783110869972
Release Date: 1999-01-01
Number of pages: 383
Author: Norbert Horn
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

Download and read online German Banking Law and Practice in International Perspective in PDF and EPUB A study of German banking law and practice. The articles are designed to cover the subject and take a systematic approach. They are written by experts from authorities, banks and universities. The idea for the book was born in a conference on German and Chinese banking law.


Internet Banking and the Law in Europe

Filename: internet-banking-and-the-law-in-europe.pdf
ISBN: 9781139458672
Release Date: 2006-11-02
Number of pages:
Author: Apostolos Ath. Gkoutzinis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Internet Banking and the Law in Europe in PDF and EPUB The European Union has long sought to create a single financial area across Europe where consumers in one country benefit from financial markets and activities in other countries. With the emergence of the Internet as a platform for the provision of online banking services, the creation of a pan-European market for banking services appeared a realistic proposition. In practice, however, this has not happened. This book asks why and argues that the creation of banking markets via the Internet relies on both available technologies and appropriate laws and regulations. The institutional and legal framework for online banking services in the single European market are examined, as is the level of legal harmonization achieved in the UK, France and Germany under the influence of the EU Directives pertaining to online banking activities.


Introduction to German Law

Filename: introduction-to-german-law.pdf
ISBN: 9789041122612
Release Date: 2005
Number of pages: 480
Author: Joachim Zekoll
Publisher: Kluwer Law International

Download and read online Introduction to German Law in PDF and EPUB It is nearly ten years since the appearance of the successful first edition of this convenient English-language introduction to the law of Germany. This new edition covers all the significant changes and innovations that have occurred during that period, encompassing the pervasive impacts of European law and of globalisation, the major recent reform of the German Civil Code, and the greatly increased activity of the German legislature in every area. With fifteen lucid chapters written by academic expects in their respective fields of law, as well as detailed bibliographies, this is the ideal starting point for research whenever a question of German law must be answered. The authors clearly explain the legal concepts, customs, and rules arising from such basic elements as the following: characteristic problems of Germany legal unity; principles and practices of constitutional law; administrative law and procedure; the German Commercial Code; formation and conduct of corporations and partnerships; contracts; tort liability; property rights; family law; succession and inheritance; labor and employment; issues of private international law; courts and civil procedure; the penal code and criminal procedure. Introduction to German Law, Second Edition provides an authoritative description of all issues likely to emerge in the course of normal application of German law in any context.


Bank Guarantees in International Trade

Filename: bank-guarantees-in-international-trade.pdf
ISBN: 9789041122438
Release Date: 2004-01-01
Number of pages: 562
Author: Roeland I. V. F. Bertrams
Publisher: Kluwer Law International

Download and read online Bank Guarantees in International Trade in PDF and EPUB For decades, this remarkable book - now in its updated fourth edition - has served practitioners in international trade and banking law as a thorough 'codification' of the law and practice of bank guarantees. The new edition has been thoroughly revised, updated, and amended in the light of new developments in the law and changing patterns in practice. Bertrams uses case law, arbitral decisions, and legal writing from five European jurisdictions - The Netherlands, Germany, France, Belgium, and England - to build an analysis of how the practical applications of bank guarantees have established a pattern of law. The new edition takes into account all legal and arbitral decisions and relevant legal writing through 2012 from these countries, as well from other European countries and the United States. Written from a transnational perspective, Bank Guarantees in International Trade can be used in both civil and common law jurisdictions and it has been cited as an authoritative source of case law in several jurisdictions from each system. With reference throughout to the effect and significance of the Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees (URDG) of the International Chamber of Commerce, International Standby Practices (ISP), and the UNCITRAL Convention on Independent Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credit, the author continuously elucidates the way guarantees function in actual practice and the numerous practical aspects and issues to which they give rise. The analysis covers the following subjects and much else: types of guarantee (tender, performance, maintenance, repayment, retention); payment mechanisms (first demand, third-party documents, arbitral or court decision); risks and negotiations, drafting and clauses; bank guarantees as a financial service, the bank's perspective; direct and indirect guarantees, counter-guarantees; formation, enforceability of expiry dates, assignment and transfer; demand for payment and the rule of strict compliance; fraud and restraining orders; applicable law and jurisdiction; reference to URDG 2010 revision and ISP98 throughout the text. In addition to his thorough coverage of law and legal writing, the author has drawn on intensive contacts with the banking community, construction firms, export credit insurance companies, and local lawyers. His insight into 'the daily life' of the world of independent (first demand) guarantees and the practices, difficulties, and peculiarities in a great number of countries and regions, including the Middle East and North Africa, cannot be matched in any other source. Bank guarantees can present major difficulties, and this book is the lawyer's best guide in any situation likely to arise. As a comprehensive study of the legal and practical aspects of bank guarantees and standby letters of credit, it offers practitioners in international trade law the most complete analysis of banking law in the field. In its wealth of practical detail, it is unlikely to be surpassed.


Germany s Three Pillar Banking System

Filename: germany-s-three-pillar-banking-system.pdf
ISBN: 9781452795737
Release Date: 2004-06-21
Number of pages: 52
Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund

Download and read online Germany s Three Pillar Banking System in PDF and EPUB German banks tend to be less profitable than their foreign counterparts. This paper estimates the likely effect of the phaseout of state guarantees for public sector banks, reviews the various ways in which public policy could contribute to their restructuring, and discusses the various arguments for and against public involvement in banking.


International Arbitration and International Commercial Law

Filename: international-arbitration-and-international-commercial-law.pdf
ISBN: 9789041135223
Release Date: 2011
Number of pages: 842
Author: Eric E. Bergsten
Publisher: Kluwer Law International

Download and read online International Arbitration and International Commercial Law in PDF and EPUB Over the last half-century, as UNCITRAL official, professor, arbitrator and father of the Willem C. Vis Arbitration Moot, Eric Bergsten has been at the forefront of progress in international commercial arbitration. Now, on the occasion of his eightieth birthday, the international arbitration and sales law community has gathered to honour him with this substantial collection of new essays on the many facets of the field to which he continues to bring his intellect, integrity, inquisitive nature, eye for detail, precision, and commitment to public service. Celebrating the long-standing and sustained contribution Eric Bergsten has made in international commercial law, international arbitration, and legal education, more than fifty colleagues - among them quite a few of the best-known arbitrators and arbitration academics in the world - present 45 pieces that, individually both engaging and incisive, collectively present a thorough and far-reaching account of the state of the field today, with contributions covering international sales law, commercial law, commercial arbitration, and investment arbitration. In addition, nine essays on issues in legal education mirror the great importance of the renowned Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot, Eric's Vienna project which has offered a life-changing experience for so many young lawyers from all over the world.


Bank Guarantees in International Trade

Filename: bank-guarantees-in-international-trade.pdf
ISBN: 9041122575
Release Date: 2013
Number of pages: 612
Author: Roeland F. Bertrams
Publisher:

Download and read online Bank Guarantees in International Trade in PDF and EPUB For decades, this remarkable book now in its updated fourth edition has served practitioners in international trade and banking law as a thorough codification of the law and practice of bank guarantees. The new edition has been thoroughly revised, updated, and amended in the light of new developments in the law and changing patterns in practice. Bertrams uses case law, arbitral decisions, and legal writing from five European jurisdictions The Netherlands, Germany, France, Belgium, and England to build an analysis of how the practical applications of bank guarantees have established a pattern of law. The new edition takes into account all legal and arbitral decisions and relevant legal writing through 2012 from these countries, as well from other European countries and the United States. Written from a transnational perspective, Bank Guarantees in International Trade can be used in both civil and common law jurisdictions and it has been cited as an authoritative source of case law in several jurisdictions from each system. With reference throughout to the effect and significance of the Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees (URDG) of the International Chamber of Commerce, International Standby Practices (ISP), and the UNCITRAL Convention on Independent Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credit, the author continuously elucidates the way guarantees function in actual practice and the numerous practical aspects and issues to which they give rise. The analysis covers the following subjects and much else: types of guarantee (tender, performance, maintenance, repayment, retention); payment mechanisms (first demand, third-party documents, arbitral or court decision); risks and negotiations, drafting and clauses; bank guarantees as a financial service, the bank s perspective; direct and indirect guarantees, counter-guarantees; formation, enforceability of expiry dates, assignment and transfer; demand for payment and the rule of strict compliance; fraud and restraining orders; applicable law and jurisdiction; reference to URDG 2010 revision and ISP98 throughout the text. In addition to his thorough coverage of law and legal writing, the author has drawn on intensive contacts with the banking community, construction firms, export credit insurance companies, and local lawyers. His insight into the daily life of the world of independent (first demand) guarantees and the practices, difficulties, and peculiarities in a great number of countries and regions, including the Middle East and North Africa, cannot be matched in any other source. Bank guarantees can present major difficulties, and this book is the lawyer s best guide in any situation likely to arise. As a comprehensive study of the legal and practical aspects of bank guarantees and standby letters of credit, it offers practitioners in international trade law the most complete analysis of banking law in the field. In its wealth of practical detail, it is unlikely to be surpassed."


International Pharmaceutical Law and Practice

Filename: international-pharmaceutical-law-and-practice.pdf
ISBN: 9781579114725
Release Date: 2016-11-16
Number of pages: 1280
Author: Adrian Zahl
Publisher: LexisNexis

Download and read online International Pharmaceutical Law and Practice in PDF and EPUB Covers key pharmaceutical law topics in all of the major industrial countries and for each country discusses in detail: • Treaties and international law principles affecting patents, data exclusivity and other rights relating to pharmaceutical manufacture and sales • Patent procurement and the scope of patent protection afforded pharmaceutical subject matter • Substantive patentability requirements of novelty, utility and inventiveness • New drug approval process and supplementary approvals • Government price controls on pharmaceuticals and government drug payment plans • Obtaining an approval for a generic version of a drug • Compulsory Licensing


The Law and Practice of Piracy at Sea

Filename: the-law-and-practice-of-piracy-at-sea.pdf
ISBN: 9781782252696
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Number of pages: 376
Author: Panos Koutrakos
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

Download and read online The Law and Practice of Piracy at Sea in PDF and EPUB This collection of essays provides a comprehensive assessment of the legal and policy approaches to maritime counter-piracy adopted by the EU and other international actors over the last few years. As the financial cost of Somali piracy for the maritime industry and the world economy as a whole was estimated to have reached $18 billion by 2010, the phenomenon of piracy at sea has steadily grown in significance and has recently attracted the attention of international policy makers. Moreover, piracy is intrinsically linked to state failure and other pathologies bred by it, such as organised crime and terrorism. This book adopts a holistic approach to the topic, examining approaches to piracy as these emerge in different geographical areas, as well as tackling the central issues which counter-piracy raises in terms of the most topical aspects of international law (international humanitarian law and armed conflict, piracy and terrorism, use of force). It also focuses on the approach of the EU, placing counter-piracy in its broader legal context. Providing a detailed doctrinal exploration of the issues which counter-piracy raises, it emphasises and draws upon the insights of the practice of counter-piracy by bringing together academic lawyers and the legal advisers of the main actors in the area (EU, US, NATO, UK). The book raises fundamental questions about the law and practice of international law: are the rules of the international law of the sea on piracy still relevant? To what extent has the shared interest of international actors in tackling piracy given rise to common practices? Do the interactions among the actors examined in the book suggest fragmentation or unity of the international legal order? Is it premature to view these interactions as signalling the gradual emergence of global law in the area? This common analytical frame of reference is underlined by the concluding part, which draws these threads together. The book will be of interest to legal scholars, political scientists and international relations theorists, as well as decision-makers and students of law, politics and international relations.



International Law Directory 2007

Filename: international-law-directory-2007.pdf
ISBN: 1561607614
Release Date: 2007-04-01
Number of pages:
Author: ames Boyd Martindale
Publisher:

Download and read online International Law Directory 2007 in PDF and EPUB


The Law of Development Cooperation

Filename: the-law-of-development-cooperation.pdf
ISBN: 9781107020290
Release Date: 2013-11-07
Number of pages: 604
Author: Philipp Dann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online The Law of Development Cooperation in PDF and EPUB This comparative study of rules governing development assistance asks how accountability, human rights and sovereignty are preserved while combating poverty.


The Reception of Asylum Seekers under International Law

Filename: the-reception-of-asylum-seekers-under-international-law.pdf
ISBN: 9781782253242
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Number of pages: 398
Author: Lieneke Slingenberg
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

Download and read online The Reception of Asylum Seekers under International Law in PDF and EPUB Increasingly, European states are using policy on the reception of asylum seekers as an instrument of immigration control, eg by deterring the lodging of asylum applications, preventing integration into their societies and exercising a large degree of control over asylum seekers in order to facilitate expulsion. The European Union is currently engaged in a process of developing minimum conditions for the reception of asylum seekers, as part of a Common European Asylum System. This book critically examines the outcomes of the negotiation process on these minimum standards ? Directive 2003/9/EC and Directive 2013/33/EU ? in relation to international refugee law, international social security law and international human rights law. It presents a comprehensive analysis of state obligations that stem from these different fields of law with regard to asylum seekers' access to the labour market and social security benefits and compares them to the minimum standards developed in the European Union. To this end, it offers an in-depth study into the notion of non-discrimination on the basis of nationality in the field of social security and a detailed analysis of recent developments in the case law of the European Court on Human Rights on positive obligations in the socioeconomic sphere. It takes into account both the special characteristics of international legal obligations for states in the socioeconomic sphere and the legal consequences of the tentative legal status of asylum seekers. In addition, this book particularly examines how the instrumental use of social policy relates to international law.


Learning to Learn

Filename: learning-to-learn.pdf
ISBN: 9781135135621
Release Date: 2014-04-28
Number of pages: 356
Author: Ruth Deakin Crick
Publisher: Routledge

Download and read online Learning to Learn in PDF and EPUB Learning to Learn provides a much needed overview and international guide to the field of learning to learn from a multidisciplinary lifelong and lifewide perspective. A wealth of research has been flourishing on this key educational goal in recent years. Internationally, it is considered to be one of the key competencies needed to compete in the global economy, but also a crucial factor for individual and social well-being. This book draws on leading international contributors to provide a cutting-edge overview of current thinking on learning to learn research, policy, and implementation in both formal and informal learning environments. But what learning to learn is exactly, and what its constituting elements are, are much debated issues. These seem to be the crucial questions if assessment and development of this 'malleable side of intelligence' are to be accomplished. The approach of this volume is to consider a broad conception of learning to learn, not confined to only study strategies or metacognition, yet acknowledging the importance of such elements. The book sets out to answer five main questions: What is learning to learn? What are its functions and how do we assess it? What does it promise to the individual and society at large? How is it conceived in national curricula internationally? How can it be developed in a variety of contexts? The text is organized into two parts: the first addresses the core question of the nature of learning to learn from a theoretical and policy viewpoint, and the second presents recent research carried out in several educational systems, with special attention to assessment and curriculum. It gives an account of pedagogical practices of learning to learn and its role in individual empowerment from childhood to adulthood. Contributors also highlight the potential use of learning to learn as an organizing concept for lifelong learning, school improvement, and teacher training along with potential conflicts with existing incentive practices and policies. This book is a vital starting point and guide for any advanced student or researcher looking to understand this important area of research.


Globalization and New International Public Works Agreements in Developing Countries

Filename: globalization-and-new-international-public-works-agreements-in-developing-countries.pdf
ISBN: 9781409497783
Release Date: 2013-02-28
Number of pages: 316
Author: Judge Dr Mohamed A M Ismail
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Download and read online Globalization and New International Public Works Agreements in Developing Countries in PDF and EPUB This book scrutinizes the new legal nature and stipulations of International Public Works Agreements and provides an in-depth analysis of new forms of infrastructure agreements which have been created in developing countries, such as PPPs. The volume also examines the direct impact of the new legal environment upon infrastructure transactions such as dispute resolutions and ADR mechanisms, in particular, arbitration. It provides an analytical perspective on international public works agreements in developing states in the light of ICC rules of arbitration and FIDIC forms of contracts. As globalization significantly influences le contrat administratif in civil law legal culture, this book examines the legal cultures of civil and common law from a comparative perspective. The author argues that harmonization and integration of the two cultures, in infrastructure agreements, are the way forward. The book will be a fundamental guide for researchers and academics working in this area as well as judges, lawyers and international arbitrators in both common law jurisdictions and civil law legal systems.