Fascist Pigs

Filename: fascist-pigs.pdf
ISBN: 9780262035033
Release Date: 2016-10-07
Number of pages: 344
Author: Tiago Saraiva
Publisher: MIT Press

Download and read online Fascist Pigs in PDF and EPUB How the breeding of new animals and plants was central to fascist regimes in Italy, Portugal, and Germany and to their imperial expansion.

Fascist Pigs

Filename: fascist-pigs.pdf
ISBN: 9780262035033
Release Date: 2016-10-07
Number of pages: 344
Author: Tiago Saraiva
Publisher: MIT Press

Download and read online Fascist Pigs in PDF and EPUB How the breeding of new animals and plants was central to fascist regimes in Italy, Portugal, and Germany and to their imperial expansion.

Models of Innovation

Filename: models-of-innovation.pdf
ISBN: 9780262035897
Release Date: 2017-02-24
Number of pages: 344
Author: Benoît Godin
Publisher: MIT Press

Download and read online Models of Innovation in PDF and EPUB Models abound in science, technology, and society (STS) studies and in science, technology, and innovation (STI) studies. They are continually being invented, with one author developing many versions of the same model over time. At the same time, models are regularly criticized. Such is the case with the most influential model in STS-STI: the linear model of innovation.In this book, Benoît Godin examines the emergence and diffusion of the three most important conceptual models of innovation from the early twentieth century to the late 1980s: stage models, linear models, and holistic models. Godin first traces the history of the models of innovation constructed during this period, considering why these particular models came into being and what use was made of them. He then rethinks and debunks the historical narratives of models developed by theorists of innovation. Godin documents a greater diversity of thinkers and schools than in the conventional account, tracing a genealogy of models beginning with anthropologists, industrialists, and practitioners in the first half of the twentieth century to their later formalization in STS-STI. Godin suggests that a model is a conceptualization, which could be narrative, or a set of conceptualizations, or a paradigmatic perspective, often in pictorial form and reduced discursively to a simplified representation of reality. Why are so many things called models? Godin claims that model has a rhetorical function. First, a model is a symbol of "scientificity." Second, a model travels easily among scholars and policy makers. Calling a conceptualization or narrative or perspective a model facilitates its propagation.

Remaking the News

Filename: remaking-the-news.pdf
ISBN: 9780262036092
Release Date: 2017-05-19
Number of pages: 376
Author: Pablo J. Boczkowski
Publisher: MIT Press

Download and read online Remaking the News in PDF and EPUB Leading scholars chart the future of studies on technology and journalism in the digital age.

Mapping Israel Mapping Palestine

Filename: mapping-israel-mapping-palestine.pdf
ISBN: 9780262036153
Release Date: 2017-06-23
Number of pages: 336
Author: Jess Bier
Publisher: MIT Press

Download and read online Mapping Israel Mapping Palestine in PDF and EPUB Digital practices in social and political landscapes: Why two researchers can look at the same feature and see different things.

The Long Arm of Moore s Law

Filename: the-long-arm-of-moore-s-law.pdf
ISBN: 9780262035491
Release Date: 2016-12-09
Number of pages: 304
Author: Cyrus C. M. Mody
Publisher: MIT Press

Download and read online The Long Arm of Moore s Law in PDF and EPUB How, beginning in the mid 1960s, the US semiconductor industry helped shape changes in American science, including a new orientation to the short-term and the commercial.

Gabriele d Annunzio

Filename: gabriele-d-annunzio.pdf
ISBN: 9780385349703
Release Date: 2013-08-20
Number of pages: 608
Author: Lucy Hughes-Hallett
Publisher: Anchor

Download and read online Gabriele d Annunzio in PDF and EPUB Godfather to Mussolini, national hero of Italy and the WWI irredentist movement, literary icon of Joyce and Pound, lover of actress Eleonora Duse: here is Lucy Hughes-Hallett’s extraordinary biography of Gabriele d’Annunzio, poet, bon vivant, harbinger of Italian fascism. Gabriele d’Annunzio was Italy’s premier poet at a time when poetry mattered enough to trigger riots. A brilliant self-publicist in the first age of mass media, he used his fame to sell his work, seduce women, and promote his extreme nationalism. In 1915 d’Annunzio’s incendiary oratory helped drive Italy to enter the First World War, in which he achieved heroic status as an aviator. In 1919 he led a troop of mutineers into the Croatian port of Fiume and there a delinquent city-state. Futurists, anarchists, communists, and proto-fascists descended on the city. So did literati and thrill seekers, drug dealers, and prostitutes. After fifteen months an Italian gunship brought the regime to an end, but the adventure had its sequel: three years later, the fascists marched on Rome, belting out anthems they’d learned in Fiume, as Mussolini consciously modeled himself after the great poet. At once an aesthete and a militarist, d’Annunzio wrote with equal enthusiasm about Fortuny gowns and torpedoes, and enjoyed making love on beds strewn with rose petals as much as risking death as an aviator. Lucy Hughes-Hallett’s stunning biography vividly re-creates his flamboyant life and dramatic times, tracing the early twentieth century’s trajectory from Romantic idealism to world war and fascist aggression.

Engineering the Revolution

Filename: engineering-the-revolution.pdf
ISBN: 9780226012650
Release Date: 2010-04-15
Number of pages: 496
Author: Ken Alder
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online Engineering the Revolution in PDF and EPUB Engineering the Revolution documents the forging of a new relationship between technology and politics in Revolutionary France, and the inauguration of a distinctively modern form of the “technological life.” Here, Ken Alder rewrites the history of the eighteenth century as the total history of one particular artifact—the gun—by offering a novel and historical account of how material artifacts emerge as the outcome of political struggle. By expanding the “political” to include conflict over material objects, this volume rethinks the nature of engineering rationality, the origins of mass production, the rise of meritocracy, and our interpretation of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution.

Italian Fascism s Empire Cinema

Filename: italian-fascism-s-empire-cinema.pdf
ISBN: 9780253015662
Release Date: 2015-02-11
Number of pages: 420
Author: Ruth Ben-Ghiat
Publisher: Indiana University Press

Download and read online Italian Fascism s Empire Cinema in PDF and EPUB Ruth Ben-Ghiat provides the first in-depth study of feature and documentary films produced under the auspices of Mussolini’s government that took as their subjects or settings Italy’s African and Balkan colonies. These "empire films" were Italy's entry into an international market for the exotic. The films engaged its most experienced and cosmopolitan directors (Augusto Genina, Mario Camerini) as well as new filmmakers (Roberto Rossellini) who would make their marks in the postwar years. Ben-Ghiat sees these films as part of the aesthetic development that would lead to neo-realism. Shot in Libya, Somalia, and Ethiopia, these movies reinforced Fascist racial and labor policies and were largely forgotten after the war. Ben-Ghiat restores them to Italian and international film history in this gripping account of empire, war, and the cinema of dictatorship.


Filename: islanded.pdf
ISBN: 9780226038360
Release Date: 2013-08-05
Number of pages: 344
Author: Sujit Sivasundaram
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online Islanded in PDF and EPUB How did the British come to conquer South Asia in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries? Answers to this question usually start in northern India, neglecting the dramatic events that marked Britain’s contemporaneous subjugation of the island of Sri Lanka. In Islanded, Sujit Sivasundaram reconsiders the arrival of British rule in South Asia as a dynamic and unfinished process of territorialization and state building, revealing that the British colonial project was framed by the island’s traditions and maritime placement and built in part on the model they provided. Using palm-leaf manuscripts from Sri Lanka to read the official colonial archive, Sivasundaram tells the story of two sets of islanders in combat and collaboration. He explores how the British organized the process of “islanding”: they aimed to create a separable unit of colonial governance and trade in keeping with conceptions of ethnology, culture, and geography. But rather than serving as a radical rupture, he reveals, islanding recycled traditions the British learned from Kandy, a kingdom in the Sri Lankan highlands whose customs—from strategies of war to views of nature—fascinated the British. Picking up a range of unusual themes, from migration, orientalism, and ethnography to botany, medicine, and education, Islanded is an engaging retelling of the advent of British rule.

Red Revolution Green Revolution

Filename: red-revolution-green-revolution.pdf
ISBN: 9780226330297
Release Date: 2016-01-20
Number of pages: 320
Author: Sigrid Schmalzer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online Red Revolution Green Revolution in PDF and EPUB In 1968, the director of USAID coined the term “green revolution” to celebrate the new technological solutions that promised to ease hunger around the world—and forestall the spread of more “red,” or socialist, revolutions. Yet in China, where modernization and scientific progress could not be divorced from politics, green and red revolutions proceeded side by side. In Red Revolution, Green Revolution, Sigrid Schmalzer explores the intersection of politics and agriculture in socialist China through the diverse experiences of scientists, peasants, state agents, and “educated youth.” The environmental costs of chemical-intensive agriculture and the human costs of emphasizing increasing production over equitable distribution of food and labor have been felt as strongly in China as anywhere—and yet, as Schmalzer shows, Mao-era challenges to technocracy laid important groundwork for today’s sustainability and food justice movements. This history of “scientific farming” in China offers us a unique opportunity not only to explore the consequences of modern agricultural technologies but also to engage in a necessary rethinking of fundamental assumptions about science and society.

Making Modern Science

Filename: making-modern-science.pdf
ISBN: 0226068625
Release Date: 2010-02-24
Number of pages: 538
Author: Peter J. Bowler
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online Making Modern Science in PDF and EPUB The development of science, according to respected scholars Peter J. Bowler and Iwan Rhys Morus, expands our knowledge and control of the world in ways that affect-but are also affected by-society and culture. In Making Modern Science, a text designed for introductory college courses in the history of science and as a single-volume introduction for the general reader, Bowler and Morus explore both the history of science itself and its influence on modern thought. Opening with an introduction that explains developments in the history of science over the last three decades and the controversies these initiatives have engendered, the book then proceeds in two parts. The first section considers key episodes in the development of modern science, including the Scientific Revolution and individual accomplishments in geology, physics, and biology. The second section is an analysis of the most important themes stemming from the social relations of science-the discoveries that force society to rethink its religious, moral, or philosophical values. Making Modern Science thus chronicles all major developments in scientific thinking, from the revolutionary ideas of the seventeenth century to the contemporary issues of evolutionism, genetics, nuclear physics, and modern cosmology. Written by seasoned historians, this book will encourage students to see the history of science not as a series of names and dates but as an interconnected and complex web of relationships between science and modern society. The first survey of its kind, Making Modern Science is a much-needed and accessible introduction to the history of science, engagingly written for undergraduates and curious readers alike.

New Natures

Filename: new-natures.pdf
ISBN: 082296242X
Release Date: 2013-07-01
Number of pages: 302
Author: Dolly Jørgensen
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

Download and read online New Natures in PDF and EPUB New Natures broadens the dialogue between the disciplines of science and technology studies (STS) and environmental history in hopes of deepening and even transforming understandings of human-nature interactions. The volume presents richly developed historical studies that explicitly engage with key STS theories, offering models for how these theories can help crystallize central lessons from empirical histories, facilitate comparative analysis, and provide a language for complicated historical phenomena. Overall, the collection exemplifies the fruitfulness of cross-disciplinary thinking. The chapters follow three central themes: ways of knowing, or how knowledge is produced and how this mediates our understanding of the environment; constructions of environmental expertise, showing how expertise is evaluated according to categories, categorization, hierarchies, and the power afforded to expertise; and lastly, an analysis of networks, mobilities, and boundaries, demonstrating how knowledge is both diffused and constrained and what this means for humans and the environment. Contributors explore these themes by discussing a wide array of topics, including farming, forestry, indigenous land management, ecological science, pollution, trade, energy, and outer space, among others. The epilogue, by the eminent environmental historian Sverker Sörlin, views the deep entanglements of humans and nature in contemporary urbanity and argues we should preserve this relationship in the future. Additionally, the volume looks to extend the valuable conversation between STS and environmental history to wider communities that include policy makers and other stakeholders, as many of the issues raised can inform future courses of action.

Abstract Sex

Filename: abstract-sex.pdf
ISBN: 9781847140340
Release Date: 2004-05-01
Number of pages: 240
Author: Luciana Parisi
Publisher: A&C Black

Download and read online Abstract Sex in PDF and EPUB Astract Sex investigates the impact of advances in contemporary science and information technology on conceptions of sex. Evolutionary theory and the technologies of viral information transfer, cloning and genetic engineering are changing the way we think about human sex, reproduction and the communication of genetic information. Abstract Sex presents a philosophical exploration of this new world of sexual, informatic and capitalist multiplicity, of the accelerated mutation of nature and culture.

Information Arts

Filename: information-arts.pdf
ISBN: 0262731584
Release Date: 2002
Number of pages: 945
Author: Stephen Wilson
Publisher: MIT Press

Download and read online Information Arts in PDF and EPUB An introduction to the work and ideas of artists who use—and even influence—science and technology.