Download and read online European Energy Markets Observatory 2010 in PDF and EPUB The twelfth edition of the European Energy Markets Observatory covers the full year 2009 and the winter 2009/2010. Key messages developed in the report include the following: -New energy trends are emerging after the crisis. -The crisis and some new investments resulted in an improved security of supply. -There has been little progress towards the creation of a single European energy market. -EU greenhouse gas emissions reduction objective will be met, but renewables and energy efficiency targets are a challenge. -Generation mix and customers' behavioral changes are calling for smart grids. -Utilities are focusing on reducing their debts.
Download and read online European Energy Markets Observatory 2009 in PDF and EPUB The eleventh edition of the European Energy Markets Observatory covers the full year 2008 and the winter 2008/2009. Key messages developed in the report: -The crisis has put the Utilities sector under pressure and challenged the resilient character attributed to the Utilities sector. -Security of supply has improved in electricity, little progress was observed in gas. -Contrasted progress towards a single electricity and gas market. - Even if the European Union is the only region with a clear policy on climate change, more efforts need to be implemented. -The crisis has revealed the need for deeper Utilities business models changes: Utilities need to lower their “cost to serve” and distribution costs, adapt to new customer relationship, streamline and simplify their organizations, processes and IT to increase efficiency, manage their strategic resources and take advantage of new technologies.
Download and read online European Energy Markets Observatory 2008 in PDF and EPUB The 10th edition of the European Energy Markets Observatory covers the full year 2007 and the winter 2007/08. The key findings include: -Oil price increase in 2007 and H1 2008 exacerbated fundamental tensions in the industry. The present price drop poses other problems. -Limited progress has been made to solve the “reducing CO2 emissions / satisfying the energy demand” equation, but there are reasons to hope -After an interim improvement in 2006, electricity security of supply deteriorated in 2007, calling for a significant investment program -Geopolitical tensions have increased risk on gas security of supply -Progress was made towards a common electricity market in Europe, but competition is not really taking up and prices to end customers skyrocketed in early 08 -The Utilities are in a good financial situation and important M&A have landed in 2008 -The financial and economic crisis is impacting the Utilities industry and should accelerate their business model change
Download and read online The Risk Pivot in PDF and EPUB The last decade has seen a revolution in global energy. First, we saw explosive growth in demand from Asia's rising powers, which fueled fears about scarcity and conflict. But we've also seen an American revolution in technology and markets, resulting in a dramatic increase in sup-ply. This is strengthening America's hand in the world—but it's not without complications. There are major security consequences of these shifts. Among the most consequential are China and India, Asia's emerging giants, which are increasingly exposed to political risks associated with energy risks, as well as the energy flows, pivoting to Asia. Meanwhile the great powers struggle to balance their need for fossil fuels with a mounting effort to tackle climate change. The top powers, and the United States above all, face a stra-tegic choice: whether to use energy as a weapon of geopolitics, or as a tool of a stable order. CONTENTS Introduction 1. The President and the King—Key Messages of the Book 2. The Energy Revolutions—A Primer Geopolitics in Flux—The Players 3. Choices—Scenarios, and the Choice the Powers Confront 4. Rough Seas Ahead—The Great Powers' Search for Energy Security Globalization and Complexity—The Problems 5. Transition in the Gulf 6. The Turbulent Middle 7. Fragile States 8. The Russian Problem 9. Connections—from Pipelines to Politics Governance—The Partners 10. An Emerging System of Global Energy Governance 11. Leadership Choices
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Download and read online Tackling Chronic Disease in Europe in PDF and EPUB Chronic conditions and diseases are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in Europe, accounting for 86% of total premature deaths, and research suggests that complex conditions such as diabetes and depression will impose an even greater health burden in the future - and not only for the rich and elderly in high-income countries, but increasingly for the poor as well as low- and middle-income countries. The epidemiologic and economic analyses in the first part of the book suggest that policy-makers should make chronic disease a priority. This book highlights the issues and focuses on the strategies and interventions that policy-makers have at their disposal to tackle this increasing challenge. Strategic discussed in the second part of this volume include (1) prevention and early detection, (2) new provider qualifications (e.g. nurse practitioners) and settings, (3) disease management programmes and (4) integrated care models. But choosing the right strategies will be difficult, particularly given the limited evidence on effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. In the third part, the book therefore outlines and discusses institutional and organizational challenges for policy-makers and managers: (1) stimulating the development of new effective pharmaceuticals and medical devices, (2) designing appropriate financial incentives, (3) improving coordination, (4) using information and communication technology, and (5) ensuring evaluation. To tackle these challenges successfully, key policy recommendations are made.
Download and read online Implementing Health Financing Reform in PDF and EPUB Since 1990, the social and economic policies of the transition countries of central and eastern Europe, the Caucasus and central Asia have diverged, including the way they have reformed the financing of their health systems. This book analyses this rich experience in a systematic way. It reviews the background to health financing systems and reform in these countries, starting with the legacy of the systems in the USSR and central and eastern Europe before 1990 and the consequences (particularly fiscal) of the transition for their organization and performance. From practical experience of implementing, advising or evaluating health financing policies in the region, the authors offer important lessons, as well as pitfalls to avoid in the reform process. This book is essential reading for health finance policy-makers, advisers and analysts in this region and beyond.
Download and read online The Great Transition Shifting from Fossil Fuels to Solar and Wind Energy in PDF and EPUB The great energy transition from fossil fuels to renewable sources of energy is under way. As oil insecurity deepens, the extraction risks of fossil fuels rise, and concerns about climate instability cast a shadow over the future of coal, a new world energy economy is emerging. The old economy, fueled by oil, natural gas, and coal is being replaced with one powered by wind, solar, and geothermal energy. The Great Transition details the accelerating pace of this global energy revolution. As many countries become less enamored with coal and nuclear power, they are embracing an array of clean, renewable energies. Whereas solar energy projects were once small-scale, largely designed for residential use, energy investors are now building utility-scale solar projects. Strides are being made: some of the huge wind farm complexes under construction in China will each produce as much electricity as several nuclear power plants, and an electrified transport system supplemented by the use of bicycles could reshape the way we think about mobility.
Download and read online Energy Economics in PDF and EPUB Since its modest beginning in the 1970s, the academic and research focus on energy has grown substantially and energy has established itself as an independent, interdisciplinary subject area. It attracts attention from people in a range of different fields including engineers, scientists, geologists, environmentalists, bankers, investors, policy makers and politicians. Energy Economics introduces the basic concepts of energy economics and explains how simple economic tools can be used to analyse contemporary energy issues. Energy Economics is organised into six parts that give the reader a thorough grounding in various key aspects of the subject: basic demand-related concepts and ideas used in energy economics; supply-side economics; energy markets, with specific emphasis on oil, gas and coal; the application of simple economic principles in analysing contemporary energy issues; environmental aspects of energy use; and regulatory and governance issues. Energy Economics is an easily accessible reference book for students of energy economics at the postgraduate level, as well as for a wider interdisciplinary audience. It provides readers with the skills required to understand and analyse complex energy issues from an economic perspective.
Download and read online Le gaz enjeu g o conomique du XXIe si cle in PDF and EPUB L'énergie est un enjeu majeur au XXIe siècle, s'inscrivant dans une problématique géopolitique plus large, dans la mesure où la géoénergie laisse apparaître, encore actuellement, une prédominance des énergies fossiles, au premier rang desquelles se situe le gaz. Actuellement, le gaz se positionne comme une énergie alternative et en cours d'évolution. Le gaz de schistes va-t-il représenter une révolution géoéconomique ?
Download and read online Market Observatory for Energy Report in PDF and EPUB
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Download and read online OECD Green Growth Studies Greener Skills and Jobs in PDF and EPUB This report suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.
Download and read online The Priorities of the European Economic and Social Committee During the Spanish Presidency of the Council of the European Union January June 2010 in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Failing States Collapsing Systems in PDF and EPUB This work executes a unique transdisciplinary methodology building on the author’s previous book, A User’s Guide to the Crisis of Civilization: And How to Save it (Pluto, 2010), which was the first peer-reviewed study to establish a social science framework for the integrated analysis of crises across climate, energy, food, economic, terror and the police state. Since the 2008 financial crash, the world has witnessed an unprecedented outbreak of social unrest in every major continent. Beginning with the birth of the Occupy movement and the Arab Spring, the eruption of civil disorder continues to wreak havoc unpredictably from Greece to Ukraine, from China to Thailand, from Brazil to Turkey, and beyond. Yet while policymakers and media observers have raced to keep up with events, they have largely missed the biophysical triggers of this new age of unrest – the end of the age of cheap fossil fuels, and its multiplying consequences for the Earth’s climate, industrial food production, and economic growth. This book for the first time develops an empirically-ground theoretical model of the complex interaction between biophysical processes and geopolitical crises, demonstrated through the analysis of a wide range of detailed case studies of historic, concurrent and probable state failures in the Middle East, Northwest Africa, South and Southeast Asia, Europe and North America. Geopolitical crises across these regions, Ahmed argues, are being driven by the proliferation of climate, food and economic crises which have at their root the common denominator of a fundamental and permanent disruption in the energy basis of industrial civilization. This inevitable energy transition, which will be completed well before the close of this century, entails a paradigm shift in the organization of civilization. Yet for this shift to result in a viable new way of life will require a fundamental epistemological shift recognizing humanity’s embeddedness in the natural world. For this to be achieved, the stranglehold of conventional models achieved through the hegemony of establishment media reporting – dominated by fossil fuel interests – must be broken. While geopolitics cannot be simplistically reduced to the biophysical, this book shows that international relations today can only be understood by recognizing the extent to which the political is embedded in the biophysical. Although the book offers a rigorous scientific analysis, it is written in a clean, journalistic style to ensure readability and accessibility to a general audience. It will contain a large number of graphical illustrations concerning oil production data, population issues, the food price index, economic growth and debt, and other related issues to demonstrate the interconnections and correlations across key sectors.