Cocoa Production and Processing Technology

Filename: cocoa-production-and-processing-technology.pdf
ISBN: 9781466598232
Release Date: 2014-02-21
Number of pages: 374
Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Cocoa Production and Processing Technology in PDF and EPUB One of the largest food commodities exported from the developing countries to the rest of the world, cocoa has gained increasing attention on the global market—raising many questions about its quality, sustainability and traceability. Cocoa Production and Processing Technology presents detailed explanations of the technologies that could be employed to assure sustainable production of high-quality and safe cocoa beans for the global confectionary industry. It provides overviews of up-to-date technologies and approaches to modern cocoa production practices, global production and consumption trends as well as principles of cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture. The book covers the origin, history and taxonomy of cocoa, and examines the fairtrade and organic cocoa industries and their influence on smallholder farmers. The chapters provide in-depth coverage of cocoa cultivation, harvesting and post-harvest treatments with a focus on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations and their influence on quality, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation techniques, drying, storage and transportation. The author provides details on cocoa fermentation processes as well as the biochemical and microbiological changes involved and how they influence flavour. He also addresses cocoa trading systems, bean selection and quality criteria, as well as industrial processing of fermented and dried cocoa beans into liquor, cake, butter and powder. The book examines the general principles of chocolate manufacture, detailing the various stages of the processes involved, the factors that influence the quality characteristics and strategies to avoid post-processing quality defects. This volume presents innovative techniques for sustainability and traceability in high-quality cocoa production and explores new product development with potential for cost reduction as well as improved cocoa bean and chocolate product quality.


Cocoa Production and Processing Technology

Filename: cocoa-production-and-processing-technology.pdf
ISBN: 9781466598249
Release Date: 2014-02-21
Number of pages: 374
Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Cocoa Production and Processing Technology in PDF and EPUB One of the largest food commodities exported from the developing countries to the rest of the world, cocoa has gained increasing attention on the global market—raising many questions about its quality, sustainability and traceability. Cocoa Production and Processing Technology presents detailed explanations of the technologies that could be employed to assure sustainable production of high-quality and safe cocoa beans for the global confectionary industry. It provides overviews of up-to-date technologies and approaches to modern cocoa production practices, global production and consumption trends as well as principles of cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture. The book covers the origin, history and taxonomy of cocoa, and examines the fairtrade and organic cocoa industries and their influence on smallholder farmers. The chapters provide in-depth coverage of cocoa cultivation, harvesting and post-harvest treatments with a focus on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations and their influence on quality, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation techniques, drying, storage and transportation. The author provides details on cocoa fermentation processes as well as the biochemical and microbiological changes involved and how they influence flavour. He also addresses cocoa trading systems, bean selection and quality criteria, as well as industrial processing of fermented and dried cocoa beans into liquor, cake, butter and powder. The book examines the general principles of chocolate manufacture, detailing the various stages of the processes involved, the factors that influence the quality characteristics and strategies to avoid post-processing quality defects. This volume presents innovative techniques for sustainability and traceability in high-quality cocoa production and explores new product development with potential for cost reduction as well as improved cocoa bean and chocolate product quality.


Cocoa Production and Processing Technology

Filename: cocoa-production-and-processing-technology.pdf
ISBN: 1138033820
Release Date: 2016-10
Number of pages: 374
Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Cocoa Production and Processing Technology in PDF and EPUB One of the largest food commodities exported from the developing countries to the rest of the world, cocoa has gained increasing attention on the global market--raising many questions about its quality, sustainability and traceability. Cocoa Production and Processing Technologypresents detailed explanations of the technologies that could be employed to assure sustainable production of high-quality and safe cocoa beans for the global confectionary industry. It provides overviews of up-to-date technologies and approaches to modern cocoa production practices, global production and consumption trends as well as principles of cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture. The book covers the origin, history and taxonomy of cocoa, and examines the fairtrade and organic cocoa industries and their influence on smallholder farmers. The chapters provide in-depth coverage of cocoa cultivation, harvesting and post-harvest treatments with a focus on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations and their influence on quality, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation techniques, drying, storage and transportation. The author provides details on cocoa fermentation processes as well as the biochemical and microbiological changes involved and how they influence flavour. He also addresses cocoa trading systems, bean selection and quality criteria, as well as industrial processing of fermented and dried cocoa beans into liquor, cake, butter and powder. The book examines the general principles of chocolate manufacture, detailing the various stages of the processes involved, the factors that influence the quality characteristics and strategies to avoid post-processing quality defects. This volume presents innovative techniques for sustainability and traceability in high-quality cocoa production and explores new product development with potential for cost reduction as well as improved cocoa bean and chocolate product quality.


Cocoa Production and Processing Technology

Filename: cocoa-production-and-processing-technology.pdf
ISBN: 1681170299
Release Date: 2015-03-01
Number of pages: 329
Author: Raj Patil
Publisher:

Download and read online Cocoa Production and Processing Technology in PDF and EPUB This book presents innovative techniques for sustainability and traceability in high-quality cocoa production and explores new product development with potential for cost reduction as well as improved cocoa bean and chocolate product quality. Cocoa trees resemble English apple trees. They grow best under the canopy of tropical rainforests, seldom reaching more than 7.5 metres (25 feet) high. To flourish they need to be shaded from direct sun and wind, particularly in the early growth stages.


Chocolate Science and Technology

Filename: chocolate-science-and-technology.pdf
ISBN: 9781118913772
Release Date: 2016-05-05
Number of pages: 536
Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Chocolate Science and Technology in PDF and EPUB This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry. It provides detailed review on a wide range of topics including cocoa production, cocoa and chocolate manufacturing operations, sensory perception of chocolate quality, flavour release and perception, sugar replacement and alternative sweetening solutions in chocolate production, industrial manufacture of sugar-free chocolates as well as the nutrition and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption. The topics cover modern cocoa cultivation and production practices with special attention on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption as well as the application of HACCP and other food safety management systems such as ISO 22,000 in the chocolate processing industry are also addressed. Additionally, detailed research on the influence of different raw materials and processing operations on the flavour and other quality characteristics of chocolates have been provided with scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is intended to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where agriculture, food science and nutrition is studied and researched.


Chocolate Cocoa and Confectionery Science and Technology

Filename: chocolate-cocoa-and-confectionery-science-and-technology.pdf
ISBN: 083421301X
Release Date: 1989-08-31
Number of pages: 904
Author: Bernard W. Minifie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Chocolate Cocoa and Confectionery Science and Technology in PDF and EPUB Recognised as the industry standard, this definitive guide provides a comprehensive review of chocolate and confectionary production and processing operations. The technical and scientific aspects of the various manufacturing procedures are emphasized: formulations and recipes are used as needed to supplement explanations and to advance understanding of a particular process. Other areas include raw materials, emulsifiers, replacers and compounds, ingredients, sweeteners, starches and colors, applied methods, food value, packaging and entomology.


The Science of Chocolate

Filename: the-science-of-chocolate.pdf
ISBN: 0854046003
Release Date: 2000
Number of pages: 175
Author: S. Beckett
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

Download and read online The Science of Chocolate in PDF and EPUB Covers the history, ingredients, and processing techniques used in the manufacture of chocolate.


Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use

Filename: industrial-chocolate-manufacture-and-use.pdf
ISBN: 9781444357554
Release Date: 2011-09-07
Number of pages: 720
Author: Steve T. Beckett
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use in PDF and EPUB Since the third edition of this standard work in 1999, there has been a significant increase in the amount of chocolate manufactured worldwide. The fourth edition of Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use provides up-to-date coverage of all major aspects of chocolate manufacture and use, from the growing of cocoa beans to the packaging and marketing of the end product. Retaining the important and well-received key features of the previous edition, the fourth edition also contains completely new chapters covering chocolate crumb, cold forming technologies, intellectual property, and nutrition. Furthermore, taking account of significant changes and trends within the chocolate industry, much new information is incorporated, particularly within such chapters as those covering the chemistry of flavour development, chocolate flow properties, chocolate packaging, and chocolate marketing. This fully revised and expanded new edition is an essential purchase for all those involved in the manufacture and use of chocolate.


Cocoa

Filename: cocoa.pdf
ISBN: 9789290815662
Release Date: 2014-09-04
Number of pages:
Author: Edoh Adabe, K.
Publisher: CTA

Download and read online Cocoa in PDF and EPUB A highly nutritious crop, cocoa constitutes a significant source of income for small-scale producers. Attractively presented, with full-colour illustrations, tables and step-by-step guides, the text clearly sets out the procedure to start growing cocoa. In addition to recommending a technical schedule for the production of cocoa plants, the guide stresses the importance of phytosanitary protection and post-harvest operations. Useful advice and economic information on the sector is also given in later chapters.


Cocoa and Coffee Fermentations

Filename: cocoa-and-coffee-fermentations.pdf
ISBN: 9781439847916
Release Date: 2014-10-09
Number of pages: 633
Author: Rosane F. Schwan
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Cocoa and Coffee Fermentations in PDF and EPUB Cocoa and coffee beans are some of the most traded agricultural commodities on international markets. Combined, they provide raw materials for a global industry valued in excess of $250 billion. Despite this, few people know that microorganisms and microbial fermentation play key roles in their production and can have major impacts on product quality, safety, and value. Cocoa and Coffee Fermentations explores the scientific principles behind cocoa and coffee fermentation. The book covers botanical and production backgrounds, methods of bean fermentation and drying, microbial ecology and activities of fermentation, the biochemistry of fermentation, product quality and safety, and waste utilization. The book aims to optimize cocoa and coffee processing based on scientific evidence to enhance traditional processing methods that often give rise to inefficiencies and inconsistencies in product quality. It also aims to provide a better understanding of the complex microbial ecology in cocoa and coffee fermentations which involve interactions between species of yeasts, bacteria, and filamentous fungi. Cocoa and Coffee Fermentations hopes to inspire further research linking the microbiology and biochemistry of cocoa and coffee bean fermentations with the development of better controlled fermentations, implementation of quality assurance programs, and ultimately improvement of the sensory attributes of the final product.


Cocoa

Filename: cocoa.pdf
ISBN: 9780470698426
Release Date: 2008-04-30
Number of pages: 620
Author: G. A. R. Wood
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Cocoa in PDF and EPUB The fourth edition of this highly regarded book has been considerably enlarged to cover all aspects of cocoa production. Higher prices for cocoa have led to much new knowledge about the plant and changes to its methods of production. These are discussed, along with new problems that have occurred and the fresh research projects that have been needed.


Food Processing Technology

Filename: food-processing-technology.pdf
ISBN: 0849308879
Release Date: 2000-07-11
Number of pages: 608
Author: P.J. Fellows
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Food Processing Technology in PDF and EPUB The first edition of Food Processing Technology was quickly adopted as the standard text by many food science and technology courses. While keeping with the practice of covering the wide range of food processing techniques, this new edition has been substantially expanded to take account of the advances in technology that have taken place since the publication of the first edition. The Second Edition includes new chapters on computer control of processing, novel 'minimal' technologies, and Ohmic heating, and an extended chapter on modified atmosphere packaging. It is a comprehensive - yet basic - text that offers an overview of most unit operations, while at the same time providing details of the processing equipment, operating conditions and the effects of processing on the biochemistry of foods. The book is divided into five parts, in which unit operations are grouped according to the nature of the heat transfer that takes place. Each chapter describes the formulae required for calculation of processing parameters, sample problems, and the effects on sensory characteristics and nutritional properties of selected foods. By combining food processing theory and calculations with descriptions of commercial practice and results of scientific studies, Food Processing Technology: Principles and Practice, Second Edition helps readers make attractive saleable products and extend the shelf-life of foods.


Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation

Filename: agricultural-technologies-and-tropical-deforestation.pdf
ISBN: 0851998992
Release Date: 2001-04-20
Number of pages: 440
Author: Arild Angelsen
Publisher: CABI

Download and read online Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation in PDF and EPUB This book has been developed from a workshop on Technological change in agriculture and tropical deforestation organised by the Center for International Forestry Research and held in Costa Rica in March, 1999. It explores how intensification of agriculture affects tropical deforestation using case studies from different geographical regions, using different agricultural products and technologies and in differing demographic situations and market conditions. Guidance is also given on future agricultural research and extension efforts.


Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production

Filename: science-and-technology-of-fruit-wine-production.pdf
ISBN: 9780128010341
Release Date: 2016-11-01
Number of pages: 756
Author: Maria Kosseva
Publisher: Academic Press

Download and read online Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production in PDF and EPUB Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production includes introductory chapters on the production of wine from fruits other than grapes, including their composition, chemistry, role, quality of raw material, medicinal values, quality factors, bioreactor technology, production, optimization, standardization, preservation, and evaluation of different wines, specialty wines, and brandies. Wine and its related products have been consumed since ancient times, not only for stimulatory and healthful properties, but also as an important adjunct to the human diet by increasing satisfaction and contributing to the relaxation necessary for proper digestion and absorption of food. Most wines are produced from grapes throughout the world, however, fruits other than grapes, including apple, plum, peach, pear, berries, cherries, currants, apricot, and many others can also be profitably utilized in the production of wines. The major problems in wine production, however, arise from the difficulty in extracting the sugar from the pulp of some of the fruits, or finding that the juices obtained lack in the requisite sugar contents, have higher acidity, more anthocyanins, or have poor fermentability. The book demonstrates that the application of enzymes in juice extraction, bioreactor technology, and biological de-acidification (MLF bacteria, or de-acidifying yeast like schizosaccharomyces pombe, and others) in wine production from non-grape fruits needs serious consideration. Focuses on producing non-grape wines, highlighting their flavor, taste, and other quality attributes, including their antioxidant properties Provides a single-volume resource that consolidates the research findings and developed technology employed to make wines from non-grape fruits Explores options for reducing post-harvest losses, which are especially high in developing countries Stimulates research and development efforts in non-grape wines


Encyclopedia of Food and Health

Filename: encyclopedia-of-food-and-health.pdf
ISBN: 9780123849533
Release Date: 2015-08-26
Number of pages: 4006
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press

Download and read online Encyclopedia of Food and Health in PDF and EPUB The Encyclopedia of Food and Health provides users with a solid bridge of current and accurate information spanning food production and processing, from distribution and consumption to health effects. The Encyclopedia comprises five volumes, each containing comprehensive, thorough coverage, and a writing style that is succinct and straightforward. Users will find this to be a meticulously organized resource of the best available summary and conclusions on each topic. Written from a truly international perspective, and covering of all areas of food science and health in over 550 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter, this updated encyclopedia is an invaluable resource for both research and educational needs. Identifies the essential nutrients and how to avoid their deficiencies Explores the use of diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health Compiles methods for detection and quantitation of food constituents, food additives and nutrients, and contaminants Contains coverage of all areas of food science and health in nearly 700 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter