Download and read online Chocolate Science and Technology in PDF and EPUB This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry. It provides detailed review on a wide range of topics including cocoa production, cocoa and chocolate manufacturing operations, sensory perception of chocolate quality, flavour release and perception, sugar replacement and alternative sweetening solutions in chocolate production, industrial manufacture of sugar-free chocolates as well as the nutrition and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption. The topics cover modern cocoa cultivation and production practices with special attention on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption as well as the application of HACCP and other food safety management systems such as ISO 22,000 in the chocolate processing industry are also addressed. Additionally, detailed research on the influence of different raw materials and processing operations on the flavour and other quality characteristics of chocolates have been provided with scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is intended to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where agriculture, food science and nutrition is studied and researched.
Download and read online Chocolate Cocoa and Confectionery Science and Technology in PDF and EPUB The second edition of this book achieved worldwide recognition within the chocolate and confectionery industry. I was pressed to prepare the third edition to include modern developments in machinery, production, and packaging. This has been a formidable task and has taken longer than anticipated. Students still require, in one book, descriptions of the fundamental principles of the industry as well as an insight into modern methods. Therefore, parts of the previous edition describing basic technology have been retained, with minor alterations where necessary. With over fifty years' experience in the industry and the past eighteen years working as an author, lecturer, and consultant, I have collected a great deal of useful information. Visits to trade exhibitions and to manufacturers of raw materials and machinery in many parts of the world have been very valuable. Much research and reading have been necessary to prepare for teaching and lecturing at various colleges, seminars, and manufacturing establishments. The third edition is still mainly concerned with science, technology, and production. It is not a book of formulations, which are readily available elsewhere. Formulations without knowledge of principles lead to many errors, and recipes are given only where examples are necessary. _ Analytical methods are described only when they are not available in textbooks, of which there are many on standard methods of food analysis. Acknowledgments I am still indebted to many of the persons mentioned under "Acknowledgments" in the second edition. I am especially grateful to the following.
Download and read online Science and Technology of Enrobed and Filled Chocolate Confectionery and Bakery Products in PDF and EPUB Enrobed and filled confectionery and bakery products, such as praline-style chocolates, confectionery bars and chocolate-coated biscuits and ice-creams, are popular with consumers. The coating and filling can negatively affect product quality and shelf-life, but with the correct product design and manufacturing technology, the characteristics of the end-product can be much improved. This book provides a comprehensive overview of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products and strategies to enhance product quality. Part one reviews the formulation of coatings and fillings, with chapters on key topics such as chocolate manufacture, confectionery fats, compound coatings and fat and sugar-based fillings. Product design issues, such as oil, moisture and ethanol migration and chocolate and filling rheology are the focus of Part two. Shelf-life prediction and testing are also discussed. Part three then covers the latest ingredient preparation and manufacturing technology for optimum product quality. Chapters examine tempering, enrobing, chocolate panning, production of chocolate shells and deposition technology. With its experienced team of authors, Science and technology of enrobed and filled chocolate, confectionery and bakery products is an essential purchase for professionals in the chocolate, confectionery and bakery industries. Provides a comprehensive review of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products Reviews the formulation of coatings and fillings, addressing confectionery fats, compound coatings and sugar based fillings Focuses on product design issues such as oil, moisture and chocolate filling rheology
Download and read online Lebensmittelf hrer Inhalte Zus tze R ckst nde in PDF and EPUB Fundiertes Wissen uber die Gute und Zusammensetzung von Lebensmitteln ist die wichtigste Voraussetzung fur eine gesunde und bewusste Ernahrung. Ein verlasslicher Ratgeber fur Ernahrungsprofis und solche, die es werden wollen.
Download and read online The Science of Chocolate in PDF and EPUB The second edition of this international best seller has been fully revised and updated describing the complete chocolate making process, from the growing of the beans to the sale in the shops. The Science of Chocolate takes the reader on the journey of chocolate, to discover how confectionery is made and the way in which basic science plays a vital role. The second edition contains new chapters, covering topics which include nutrition - why chocolate is good for you - how to stop it melting in hot countries and possible methods of putting bubble inside a chocolate bar. This book will appeal to those with a fascination for chocolate and will be of specialist interest to those studying food sciences and working in the confectionery industry. A series of experiments, which can be adapted to suit students, are included to demonstrate the physical, chemical and mathematical principles involved.
Download and read online Charlie und die Schokoladenfabrik in PDF and EPUB Willy Wonka stand ganz allein in dem großen offenen Fabriktor. Seine Augen waren ungewöhnlich lebhaft. Plötzlich machte er ein paar komische kleine Tanzschritte, breitete die Arme aus und rief: «Willkommen, meine kleinen Freunde! Willkommen in der Schokoladenfabrik!» Der geheimnisvolle Willy Wonka öffnet zum ersten Mal die Tore seiner Schokoladenfabrik. Charlie kann es kaum fassen, dass er als eines der fünf glücklichen Kinder, die eine Goldene Eintrittskarte gewonnen haben, dort hineindarf. Denn Willy Wonka macht nicht nur die köstlichste Schokolade – er ist der beste Süßigkeitenerfinder aller Zeiten! Aber Charlie hätte nie gedacht, welche verrückten Abenteuer ihn in Wonkas Schokoladenfabrik wirklich erwarten würden ...
Download and read online The Science of Chocolate in PDF and EPUB This book takes the reader on the journey of chocolate, to discover how confectionery is made and will appeal to those with a fascination for chocolate.
Download and read online Cocoa Production and Processing Technology in PDF and EPUB One of the largest food commodities exported from the developing countries to the rest of the world, cocoa has gained increasing attention on the global market—raising many questions about its quality, sustainability and traceability. Cocoa Production and Processing Technology presents detailed explanations of the technologies that could be employed to assure sustainable production of high-quality and safe cocoa beans for the global confectionary industry. It provides overviews of up-to-date technologies and approaches to modern cocoa production practices, global production and consumption trends as well as principles of cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture. The book covers the origin, history and taxonomy of cocoa, and examines the fairtrade and organic cocoa industries and their influence on smallholder farmers. The chapters provide in-depth coverage of cocoa cultivation, harvesting and post-harvest treatments with a focus on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations and their influence on quality, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation techniques, drying, storage and transportation. The author provides details on cocoa fermentation processes as well as the biochemical and microbiological changes involved and how they influence flavour. He also addresses cocoa trading systems, bean selection and quality criteria, as well as industrial processing of fermented and dried cocoa beans into liquor, cake, butter and powder. The book examines the general principles of chocolate manufacture, detailing the various stages of the processes involved, the factors that influence the quality characteristics and strategies to avoid post-processing quality defects. This volume presents innovative techniques for sustainability and traceability in high-quality cocoa production and explores new product development with potential for cost reduction as well as improved cocoa bean and chocolate product quality.
Download and read online From Cocoa Bean to Chocolate in PDF and EPUB Looks at the process behind the making of chocolate, from the growing of cacao bean pods, through drying the beans, transporting them, processing them into cocoa butter, mixing the chocolate, packaging it, and finally eating a chocolate treat.
Download and read online Die letzten Geheimnisse der Kochkunst in PDF and EPUB Kennen Sie neben süß, sauer, bitter und salzig die fünfte Geschmacksrichtung? Möchten Sie verstehen, warum Ihnen Soufflées immer wieder zusammenfallen oder lernen, wie Sie einen ganzen Truthahn optimal braten? Gehören Sie zu den 40% Männern oder 25% Frauen, die Trüffel nicht riechen können? Diese und viele andere Fragen aus der Welt der Kochkunst beantwortet Peter Barham, in dem er das Kochen als experimentelle Wissenschaft betrachtet. Beim Zubereiten von Lebensmitteln und beim Kochen laufen viele Prozesse ab, die sich naturwissenschaftlich gut beschreiben lassen. Das Verständnis der Chemie und Physik des Kochens wird unausweichlich dazu führen, dass sich auch Ihre eigenen Kochkünste wesentlich verbessern. Für jedermann leicht verständlich und unterhaltsam, aber ohne wichtige Details auszulassen, erklärt Ihnen der Autor, warum bestimmte Rezepte gut funktionieren und – viel wichtiger – warum andere ständig misslingen. Auf diese Weise werden Schritt für Schritt die Geheimnisse der guten Kochkunst entschleiert und Sie lernen interessante Rezepte und die dahinter liegenden physikalischen und chemischen Prozesse kennen. Zusätzlich beschreibt der Autor interessante Küchenexperimente für die ganze Familie.
Download and read online Confectionery Science and Technology in PDF and EPUB This book examines both the primary ingredients and the processing technology for making candies. In the first section, the chemistry, structure, and physical properties of the primary ingredients are described, as are the characteristics of commercial ingredients. The second section explores the processing steps for each of the major sugar confectionery groups, while the third section covers chocolate and coatings. The manner in which ingredients function together to provide the desired texture and sensory properties of the product is analyzed, and chemical reactions and physical changes that occur during processing are examined. Trouble shooting and common problems are also discussed in each section. Designed as a complete reference and guide, Confectionery Science and Technology provides personnel in industry with solutions to the problems concerning the manufacture of high-quality confectionery products.
Download and read online Handbook of Vanilla Science and Technology in PDF and EPUB Vanilla is the world's most commonly-used flavour and fragrance, used in foods, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and other products and is therefore of considerable economic importance. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the science and technology used in the production and supply chain of vanilla products. A wide range of international authors cover topics which include agricultural production, global markets, analytical methods, sensory analysis, food and fragrance applications, organic and fair trade vanilla, diseases that affect vanilla, and novel uses. It is of interest to academic researchers in this field and is also an important resource for the vanilla industry and those companies that use vanilla and vanillin as flavours and fragrances worldwide. Key Features: The only book to cover such a wide range of topics on this most commercially valuable of flavour ingredients Includes an analysis of the current vanilla markets in the US and Europe Edited by experts who hold roles in the flavour industry and academic research
Download and read online Handbook of Food Science Technology and Engineering in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Practical Food Rheology in PDF and EPUB Rheology is fundamentally important in food manufacturing in two major senses. Understanding the way in which a substance moves and behaves is essential in order to be able to transport and mix it during processing. Secondly, the rheology of a product dictates much of the consumer experience, e.g. in relation to texture and mouthfeel. This book doesn’t overwhelm the reader with complex mathematical equations but takes a simple and practically-focused approach, interpreting the implications of rheological data for use in different food systems. Through this approach industry-based food developers / rheologists, students, and academics are given clear, concise interpretation of rheological data which directly relates to actual perceived functionality in the food. The functionality may relate to texture, structure and mouthfeel, and may result as a function of temperature, pH, flocculation, concentration effects, and mixing. The interpretative view is based on the principle that the food rheologist will produce a graph, for example of viscosity or gelation profiling, and then have to extract a practical meaning from it. For example, if viscosity falls with time as a function of pH, this knowledge can be used to tell the customer that the viscosity can be followed with just a pH meter and a stopwatch. Rheological measurements have shown that once the pH has dropped 1 unit after 10 minutes, the viscosity has been halved. This is the type of practical and valuable information for customers of the industrial food rheologist which the book will enable readers to access. Key features: A uniquely practical approach to the often difficult science of food rheology Includes chapters introducing the basics of food rheology before moving on to how data can be usefully and easily interpreted by the food scientist Can be used as a teaching aid on academic or industry-based courses
Download and read online Appropriate Technologies for Environmental Protection in the Developing World in PDF and EPUB This book is the first edited compilation of selected, refereed papers submitted to ERTEP 2007. The selected papers either dealt with technologies or scientific work and policy findings that address specific environmental problems affecting humanity in general, but more specifically, people and ecosystems in developing countries. It was not necessary for the work to have been done in a developing country, but the findings and results must be appropriate or applicable to a developing country setting. It is acknowledged that environmental research, technology applications and policy implementation have been demonstrated to improve environmental sustainability and protection in several developed economies. The main argument of the book is that similar gains can be achieved in developing economies and economies in transition. The book is organized into six chapters along some of the key themes discussed at the conference: Environmental Health Management, Sustainable Energy and Fuel, Water Treatment, Purification and Protection, Mining and Environment, Soil Stabilization, and Environmental Monitoring. It is hoped that the contents of the book will provide an insight into some of the environmental and health mana- ment challenges confronting the developing world and the steps being taken to address them.