Border Contraband

Filename: border-contraband.pdf
ISBN: 9780292761087
Release Date: 2015-02-28
Number of pages: 255
Author: George T. Díaz
Publisher: University of Texas Press

Download and read online Border Contraband in PDF and EPUB Present-day smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border is a professional, often violent, criminal activity. However, it is only the latest chapter in a history of illicit business dealings that stretches back to 1848, when attempts by Mexico and the United States to tax commerce across the Rio Grande upset local trade and caused popular resentment. Rather than acquiesce to what they regarded as arbitrary trade regulations, borderlanders continued to cross goods and accepted many forms of smuggling as just. In Border Contraband, George T. Díaz provides the first history of the common, yet little studied, practice of smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. In Part I, he examines the period between 1848 and 1910, when the United States' and Mexico's trade concerns focused on tariff collection and on borderlanders' attempts to avoid paying tariffs by smuggling. Part II begins with the onset of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, when national customs and other security forces on the border shifted their emphasis to the interdiction of prohibited items (particularly guns and drugs) that threatened the state. Díaz's pioneering research explains how greater restrictions have transformed smuggling from a low-level mundane activity, widely accepted and still routinely practiced, into a highly profitable professional criminal enterprise.


Border Contraband

Filename: border-contraband.pdf
ISBN: 9780292761063
Release Date: 2015-02-28
Number of pages: 256
Author: George T. Díaz
Publisher: University of Texas Press

Download and read online Border Contraband in PDF and EPUB Winner, Jim Parish Award for Documentation and Publication of Local and Regional History, Webb County Heritage Foundation, 2015 Present-day smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border is a professional, often violent, criminal activity. However, it is only the latest chapter in a history of illicit business dealings that stretches back to 1848, when attempts by Mexico and the United States to tax commerce across the Rio Grande upset local trade and caused popular resentment. Rather than acquiesce to what they regarded as arbitrary trade regulations, borderlanders continued to cross goods and accepted many forms of smuggling as just. In Border Contraband, George T. Díaz provides the first history of the common, yet little studied, practice of smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. In Part I, he examines the period between 1848 and 1910, when the United States' and Mexico's trade concerns focused on tariff collection and on borderlanders' attempts to avoid paying tariffs by smuggling. Part II begins with the onset of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, when national customs and other security forces on the border shifted their emphasis to the interdiction of prohibited items (particularly guns and drugs) that threatened the state. Díaz's pioneering research explains how greater restrictions have transformed smuggling from a low-level mundane activity, widely accepted and still routinely practiced, into a highly profitable professional criminal enterprise.


Border Contraband

Filename: border-contraband.pdf
ISBN:
Release Date: 2015-09-15
Number of pages: 255
Author: George T. Díaz
Publisher: University of Texas Press

Download and read online Border Contraband in PDF and EPUB Winner, Jim Parish Award for Documentation and Publication of Local and Regional History, Webb County Heritage Foundation, 2015 Present-day smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border is a professional, often violent, criminal activity. However, it is only the latest chapter in a history of illicit business dealings that stretches back to 1848, when attempts by Mexico and the United States to tax commerce across the Rio Grande upset local trade and caused popular resentment. Rather than acquiesce to what they regarded as arbitrary trade regulations, borderlanders continued to cross goods and accepted many forms of smuggling as just. In Border Contraband, George T. Díaz provides the first history of the common, yet little studied, practice of smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. In Part I, he examines the period between 1848 and 1910, when the United States' and Mexico's trade concerns focused on tariff collection and on borderlanders' attempts to avoid paying tariffs by smuggling. Part II begins with the onset of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, when national customs and other security forces on the border shifted their emphasis to the interdiction of prohibited items (particularly guns and drugs) that threatened the state. Díaz's pioneering research explains how greater restrictions have transformed smuggling from a low-level mundane activity, widely accepted and still routinely practiced, into a highly profitable professional criminal enterprise.


Contraband Corridor

Filename: contraband-corridor.pdf
ISBN: 1503603989
Release Date: 2017-11-25
Number of pages: 320
Author: Rebecca Berke Galemba
Publisher:

Download and read online Contraband Corridor in PDF and EPUB The Mexico-Guatemala border has emerged as a geopolitical hotspot of illicit flows of both goods and people. Contraband Corridor seeks to understand the border from the perspective of its long-term inhabitants. Challenging simplistic assumptions regarding security, trade, and illegality, Rebecca Galemba details how residents along the Mexico-Guatemala border engage in, and justify, extra-legal practices in the context of heightened border security, restricted economic opportunities, and official regional trade integration policies that exclude regional inhabitants. Rather than assuming that extra-legal activities necessarily threaten the state and formal economy, Galemba's ethnography illustrates the complex ways that the formal, informal, legal, and illegal economies intertwine. Smuggling basic commodities across the border provides a means for borderland peasants to make a living in the context of neoliberal economic policies that decimated agricultural livelihoods and dismantled previous farmer supports and price guarantees. Yet smuggling also exacerbates prevailing inequalities, obstructs the possibility of more substantive political and economic change, and provides low-risk economic benefits to formal businesses, select state agents, and other illicit actors, often at the expense of border residents. Galemba argues that securitized neoliberalism works to value certain economic activities and actors and exclude and criminalize others, even when the informal and illicit economy is increasingly one of the poor's only remaining options and informality even permeates the formal sector. Contraband Corridor contends that security, neoliberalism, and illegality are interdependent in complex ways. Yet how they unfold depends on negotiations between diverse border actors.


From Contraband Capital to Border City

Filename: from-contraband-capital-to-border-city.pdf
ISBN: OCLC:957713661
Release Date: 2013
Number of pages: 271
Author: Melisa Catarina Galvan
Publisher:

Download and read online From Contraband Capital to Border City in PDF and EPUB This dissertation project describes the developing political and cultural economy of the port of Matamoros, especially focusing on the city's insertion into vibrant trade networks that originated in New Orleans, Louisiana. I approach my study from two different angles: first, through a reconstruction of the economic activity of the city and its trading partners, and second, by surveying the dynamics of political interactions between local players. The city's port was the conduit for a vibrant contraband trade during this period, and my dissertation uses various innovative methods (especially the reconstruction of trade networks) and obscure sources to quantify the degree to which this illicit commerce contributed to the growth of Matamoros and the region more broadly. My work also analyzes the port's legal trading connections to New Orleans and other North American entrepôts as well as to the interior of the Mexican North, west to Monterrey, and north across the Rio Grande to Texas. Finally, I untangle the complex ways that Matamoros' merchants and political elite defended international maritime trade--the lifeblood of the economy--by carefully maneuvering among a multiplicity of state, national, and international actors. Using the tools of political economy, my dissertation provides a complex understanding of the relationship between politics and trade in Mexican history, blurring the one-way lines of causation found in much of the current scholarship. Although the primary methods I use are those of political economy, I see cultural exchanges and influences as integral to the developing trade networks. My findings complicate Mexican economic and political historiographies as well as our current understanding of trans--Caribbean trading systems.


Border patrol available data on interior checkpoints suggest differences in sector performance report to congressional requesters

Filename: border-patrol-available-data-on-interior-checkpoints-suggest-differences-in-sector-performance-report-to-congressional-requesters.pdf
ISBN: 9781428932272
Release Date:
Number of pages:
Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing

Download and read online Border patrol available data on interior checkpoints suggest differences in sector performance report to congressional requesters in PDF and EPUB


Smugglers of the West

Filename: smugglers-of-the-west.pdf
ISBN: 9781926936000
Release Date: 2011-12-15
Number of pages: 144
Author: Rosemary Neering
Publisher: Heritage House Publishing Co

Download and read online Smugglers of the West in PDF and EPUB Do you think the smuggling of drugs and people is a new phenomenon in Canada’s west? Think again! Between the mid-19th and mid-20th centuries, many daring smugglers carried contraband goods and people into western Canada across the US–Canada border or into BC from Asia. Smugglers of the West tells the dramatic tales of the bold criminals who smuggled Chinese immigrants, opium, liquor and a host of commodities ranging from wool to live animals to tobacco. Among them are Boss Harris, the shadowy kingpin whose opium-smuggling empire stretched from Victoria across North America, and King of the Smugglers Larry Kelly, who reputedly tied illegal Chinese immigrants to pig iron so they could be tossed overboard if American patrollers got too close. Rosemary Neering takes readers into a shadowy world where no item was too small and no risk too large for the men and women who carried goods and people clandestinely across the border.



Border Lines

Filename: border-lines.pdf
ISBN: 0812203844
Release Date: 2010-11-24
Number of pages: 392
Author: Daniel Boyarin
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

Download and read online Border Lines in PDF and EPUB The historical separation between Judaism and Christianity is often figured as a clearly defined break of a single entity into two separate religions. Following this model, there would have been one religion known as Judaism before the birth of Christ, which then took on a hybrid identity. Even before its subsequent division, certain beliefs and practices of this composite would have been identifiable as Christian or Jewish.In Border Lines, however, Daniel Boyarin makes a striking case for a very different way of thinking about the historical development that is the partition of Judaeo-Christianity. There were no characteristics or features that could be described as uniquely Jewish or Christian in late antiquity, Boyarin argues. Rather, Jesus-following Jews and Jews who did not follow Jesus lived on a cultural map in which beliefs, such as that in a second divine being, and practices, such as keeping kosher or maintaining the Sabbath, were widely and variably distributed. The ultimate distinctions between Judaism and Christianity were imposed from above by "border-makers," heresiologists anxious to construct a discrete identity for Christianity. By defining some beliefs and practices as Christian and others as Jewish or heretical, they moved ideas, behaviors, and people to one side or another of an artificial border—and, Boyarin significantly contends, invented the very notion of religion.


Border Patrol

Filename: border-patrol.pdf
ISBN: 9781437921465
Release Date: 2010-02
Number of pages: 147
Author: Richard M. Stana
Publisher: DIANE Publishing

Download and read online Border Patrol in PDF and EPUB The U.S. Border Patrol operates checkpoints on U.S. roads, mainly in the southwest border states where most illegal entries occur. As part of a three-tiered strategy to maximize detection and apprehension of illegal aliens, Border Patrol agents at checkpoints screen vehicles for illegal aliens and contraband. This report assesses:(1) checkpoint performance and factors affecting performance; (2) checkpoint performance measures; (3) community impacts considered in checkpoint placement and design; and (4) the impact of checkpoint operations on nearby communities. Research included a review of Border Patrol data and guidance, and visits to checkpoints and communities in five Border Patrol sectors across four southwest border states. Illus.


Border Games

Filename: border-games.pdf
ISBN: 9780801457050
Release Date: 2012-11-07
Number of pages: 200
Author: Peter Andreas
Publisher: Cornell University Press

Download and read online Border Games in PDF and EPUB The U.S.-Mexico border is the busiest in the world, the longest and most dramatic meeting point of a rich and poor country, and the site of intense confrontation between law enforcement and law evasion. Border control has changed in recent years from a low-maintenance and politically marginal activity to an intensive campaign focusing on drugs and migrant labor. Yet the unprecedented buildup of border policing has taken place in an era otherwise defined by the opening of the border, most notably through NAFTA. This contrast creates a borderless economy with a barricaded border. In the updated and expanded second edition of his essential book on policing the U.S.-Mexico border, Peter Andreas places the continued sharp escalation of border policing in the context of a transformed post-September 11 security environment. As Andreas demonstrates, in some ways it is still the same old border game but more difficult to manage, with more players, played out on a bigger stage, and with higher stakes and collateral damage.


A Companion to Border Studies

Filename: a-companion-to-border-studies.pdf
ISBN: 9781118255254
Release Date: 2012-03-28
Number of pages: 636
Author: Thomas M. Wilson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online A Companion to Border Studies in PDF and EPUB A Companion to Border Studies introduces an exciting and expanding field of interdisciplinary research, through the writing of an international array of scholars, from diverse perspectives that include anthropology, development studies, geography, history, political science and sociology. Explores how nations and cultural identities are being transformed by their dynamic, shifting borders where mobility is sometimes facilitated, other times impeded or prevented Offers an array of international views which together form an authoritative guide for students, instructors and researchers Reflects recent significant growth in the importance of understanding the distinctive characteristics of borders and frontiers, including cross-border cooperation, security and controls, migration and population displacements, hybridity, and transnationalism


The Vermont Quebec Border

Filename: the-vermont-quebec-border.pdf
ISBN: 9781439637463
Release Date: 2009-05-04
Number of pages: 128
Author: Matthew Farfan
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

Download and read online The Vermont Quebec Border in PDF and EPUB The Vermont-Quebec Border: Life on the Line is a visual record of life in the villages, towns, and countryside in this unique and special part of the world. In recent years, issues relating to the border have been thrust to the forefront as never before. This is due not only to growing security concerns but also to an increasing scrutiny in the media of border issues and of how heightened security is impacting life in communities all along the border. The border has played an important role in the history and everyday lives of the people living along its length, both in Vermont and Quebec, and it will undoubtedly continue to shape these communities in the years to come.


Bridging National Borders in North America

Filename: bridging-national-borders-in-north-america.pdf
ISBN: 9780822392712
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Number of pages: 384
Author: Benjamin Johnson
Publisher: Duke University Press

Download and read online Bridging National Borders in North America in PDF and EPUB Despite a shared interest in using borders to explore the paradoxes of state-making and national histories, historians of the U.S.-Canada border region and those focused on the U.S.-Mexico borderlands have generally worked in isolation from one another. A timely and important addition to borderlands history, Bridging National Borders in North America initiates a conversation between scholars of the continent’s northern and southern borderlands. The historians in this collection examine borderlands events and phenomena from the mid-nineteenth century through the mid-twentieth. Some consider the U.S.-Canada border, others concentrate on the U.S.-Mexico border, and still others take both regions into account. The contributors engage topics such as how mixed-race groups living on the peripheries of national societies dealt with the creation of borders in the nineteenth century, how medical inspections and public-health knowledge came to be used to differentiate among bodies, and how practices designed to channel livestock and prevent cattle smuggling became the model for regulating the movement of narcotics and undocumented people. They explore the ways that U.S. immigration authorities mediated between the desires for unimpeded boundary-crossings for day laborers, tourists, casual visitors, and businessmen, and the restrictions imposed by measures such as the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the 1924 Immigration Act. Turning to the realm of culture, they analyze the history of tourist travel to Mexico from the United States and depictions of the borderlands in early-twentieth-century Hollywood movies. The concluding essay suggests that historians have obscured non-national forms of territoriality and community that preceded the creation of national borders and sometimes persisted afterwards. This collection signals new directions for continental dialogue about issues such as state-building, national expansion, territoriality, and migration. Contributors: Dominique Brégent-Heald, Catherine Cocks, Andrea Geiger, Miguel Ángel González Quiroga, Andrew R. Graybill, Michel Hogue, Benjamin H. Johnson, S. Deborah Kang, Carolyn Podruchny, Bethel Saler, Jennifer Seltz, Rachel St. John, Lissa Wadewitz Published in cooperation with the William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies, Southern Methodist University.


Master the U S Border Patrol Exam A Career as a Border Patrol Agent

Filename: master-the-u-s-border-patrol-exam-a-career-as-a-border-patrol-agent.pdf
ISBN: 9780768934533
Release Date: 2011-03-01
Number of pages: 238
Author: Peterson's
Publisher: Peterson's

Download and read online Master the U S Border Patrol Exam A Career as a Border Patrol Agent in PDF and EPUB Part I of Peterson's Master the U.S. Border Patrol Exam consists of 2 chapters that review what a Border Patrol Agent does on a daily basis and outlines how to become a Border Patrol Agent. Chapter 1offers information about the history of the U.S. Border Patrol, the working conditions that they face every day, and the benefits that they enjoy. Chapter 2 provides a detailed explanation of the Border Patrol screening process. It offers step-by-step instructions for registering for the written test, undergoing the structured oral interview, preparing for the fitness test and background investigation, and attending the U.S. Border Patrol Academy. Peterson's guide will provide you with everything you need to navigate the Border Patrol screening process and score high on the U.S. Border Patrol Exam. For more information see Peterson's Master the U.S. Border Patrol Exam.